Unterschiede im Outcome schwerverletzter Kinder in Abhängigkeit von der Versorgungsstufe

Peter C Strohm, Jörn Zwingmann, Jörg Bayer, Mirjam V Neumann, Rolf Lefering, Hagen Schmal, Kilian Reising

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Introduction: Many publications, mainly from other countries, suggest that the treatment of seriously injured children might be better in specialised paediatric trauma centres than in general trauma centres. Data from Germany are not available yet, but those from abroad were used for the recommendations made by the German Association for Trauma Surgery (DGU) on the topic of paediatric trauma in the “White Paper on Trauma Care”. The goal of this study was to analyse whether the outcome of severely injured children is dependent on treatment level and on the availability of a paediatric surgeon based on the given data. Materials and Methods: Data from the “TraumaRegister DGU” between 2002 and 2012 were used. Children aged 1–15 years treated during the period 2002–2012 were included. Severity had to reach a minimum Injury Severity Score (ISS) of 9 and the treatment had to involve a stay at an Intensive Care Unit. Patients with an ISS ≥9 who died were also included to take into consideration children with particularly severe injuries. Results: Hospitals without a paediatric surgeon transferred the patients significantly more frequently (p < 0.001). Mean hospital stay was shorter in centres with a paediatric surgeon, with slightly longer median stays at an Intensive Care Unit. Hospitals without a paediatric surgeon performed slightly more frequent surgical interventions on injured children (barely significant at p = 0.045). The death rate and the calculated Revised Injury Severity Classification (RISC) II prognosis were the same with or without the presence of a paediatric surgeon. No difference was found in the Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) between the group with and the group without involvement of a paediatric surgeon. Discussion: Overall, the medical care of seriously injured and polytraumatised children in Germany is good at all levels of treatment whether a paediatric surgeon is involved or not.

TidsskriftDer Unfallchirurg
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)306–312
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa



  • Health services research
  • Pediatric trauma
  • Polytrauma
  • Severe injury
  • Trauma center


Strohm, P. C., Zwingmann, J., Bayer, J., Neumann, M. V., Lefering, R., Schmal, H., & Reising, K. (2018). Unterschiede im Outcome schwerverletzter Kinder in Abhängigkeit von der Versorgungsstufe. Der Unfallchirurg, 121(4), 306–312. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00113-017-0346-x