Typologies of child sexual abuse

An analysis of multiple abuse acts among a large sample of Danish treatment-seeking survivors of childhood sexual abuse

Mark Shevlin, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Objective: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these. Method: This study employed latent class analysis to identify homogeneous groups of adult CSA survivors characterized by similar typologies of sexual trauma within a large sample of Danish, treatment-seeking survivors of CSA and incest (N = 454). In total, 18 separate contact and noncontact abuse acts were modeled. Furthermore, the association between abuse-related variables (victim gender, the age at which the abuse started, duration of abuse, and perpetrator of abuse) and the resultant CSA groups, or classes, was estimated. Results: Four homogeneous CSA groups were identified: an intercourse group, a high-verbal/low-contact group, a high-sexual-contact group, and a sexual-touch group. Some of the groups were distinguishable from others in terms of the frequency of the abuse and the type of perpetrator identified. Conclusions: The results show that "typologies" of CSA may provide a useful way to describe complex patterns of abuse while also facilitating future investigations of CSA outcome and treatment need.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPsychological Trauma
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)263-269
ISSN1942-9681
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2018

Fingeraftryk

Sexual Child Abuse
Survivors
Incest
Rape
Research
Research Personnel

Citer dette

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Typologies of child sexual abuse : An analysis of multiple abuse acts among a large sample of Danish treatment-seeking survivors of childhood sexual abuse. / Shevlin, Mark; Murphy, Siobhan; Elklit, Ask; Murphy, Jamie; Hyland, Philip.

I: Psychological Trauma, Bind 10, Nr. 3, 05.2018, s. 263-269.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Typologies of child sexual abuse

T2 - An analysis of multiple abuse acts among a large sample of Danish treatment-seeking survivors of childhood sexual abuse

AU - Shevlin, Mark

AU - Murphy, Siobhan

AU - Elklit, Ask

AU - Murphy, Jamie

AU - Hyland, Philip

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Objective: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these. Method: This study employed latent class analysis to identify homogeneous groups of adult CSA survivors characterized by similar typologies of sexual trauma within a large sample of Danish, treatment-seeking survivors of CSA and incest (N = 454). In total, 18 separate contact and noncontact abuse acts were modeled. Furthermore, the association between abuse-related variables (victim gender, the age at which the abuse started, duration of abuse, and perpetrator of abuse) and the resultant CSA groups, or classes, was estimated. Results: Four homogeneous CSA groups were identified: an intercourse group, a high-verbal/low-contact group, a high-sexual-contact group, and a sexual-touch group. Some of the groups were distinguishable from others in terms of the frequency of the abuse and the type of perpetrator identified. Conclusions: The results show that "typologies" of CSA may provide a useful way to describe complex patterns of abuse while also facilitating future investigations of CSA outcome and treatment need.

AB - Objective: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these. Method: This study employed latent class analysis to identify homogeneous groups of adult CSA survivors characterized by similar typologies of sexual trauma within a large sample of Danish, treatment-seeking survivors of CSA and incest (N = 454). In total, 18 separate contact and noncontact abuse acts were modeled. Furthermore, the association between abuse-related variables (victim gender, the age at which the abuse started, duration of abuse, and perpetrator of abuse) and the resultant CSA groups, or classes, was estimated. Results: Four homogeneous CSA groups were identified: an intercourse group, a high-verbal/low-contact group, a high-sexual-contact group, and a sexual-touch group. Some of the groups were distinguishable from others in terms of the frequency of the abuse and the type of perpetrator identified. Conclusions: The results show that "typologies" of CSA may provide a useful way to describe complex patterns of abuse while also facilitating future investigations of CSA outcome and treatment need.

KW - Abuse-specific predictors

KW - Childhood sexual abuse

KW - Latent class analysis

KW - Treatment-seeking sample

KW - Humans

KW - Stress, Psychological/etiology

KW - Adult Survivors of Child Abuse

KW - Male

KW - Latent Class Analysis

KW - Patient Acceptance of Health Care

KW - Child Abuse, Sexual/classification

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Denmark

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Child

U2 - 10.1037/tra0000268

DO - 10.1037/tra0000268

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - 263

EP - 269

JO - Psychological Trauma

JF - Psychological Trauma

SN - 1942-9681

IS - 3

ER -