Two-year treatment programme showed that younger age and initial weight loss predicted better results in overweight and obese children aged 2-16 years

Sina Dalby*, Signe Vahlkvist, Inge Østergaard, Joan Park Jørgensen, Claus Bogh Juhl

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Aim: We investigated an outpatient programme that followed the Danish Paediatric Society's recommended multidisciplinary approach to treating overweight and obesity. Methods: Our cohort comprised 179 participants (55.3% girls) treated from April 2011 until March 2016 at the Hospital of Southwest Jutland, Esbjerg, Denmark. The participant's age ranged from 2.3 to 16.6 years. The body mass index-standard deviation score was registered at inclusion and after three, 12 and 24 months. Results: The girls were more obese than the boys at inclusion, and the mean reduction in the body mass index-standard deviation score was 0.3 units during the study. Half of the participants achieved a reduction in body mass index-standard deviation score of at least 0.25 units, and the frequency of obesity and severe obesity decreased from 69.3% to 47.5%. Predictors of weight loss were younger age and weight loss during the first 3 months. More than half (53.1%) completed the programme, and they were more likely to be younger and male. Conclusion: The two-year programme reduced the body mass index-standard deviation score and the frequency of obesity. Younger age and early weight loss predicted success and younger age, and male sex predicted completion rates.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Paediatrica
Vol/bind109
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1649-1655
ISSN0803-5253
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020

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