Two simple replacements for the Triage Early Warning Score to facilitate the South African Triage Scale in low resource settings

Kitovu Hospital Study Group

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Background: The South African Triage Scale (SATS) requires the calculation of the Triage Early Warning Score (TEWS), which takes time and is prone to error. Aim: to derive and validate triage scores from a clinical database collected in a low-resource hospital in sub-Saharan Africa over four years and compare them with the ability of TEWS to triage patients. Methods: A retrospective observational study carried out in Kitovu Hospital, Masaka, Uganda as part of an ongoing quality improvement project. Data collected on 4482 patients was divided into two equal cohorts: one for the derivation of scores by logistic regression and the other for their validation. Results: Two scores identified the largest number of patients with the lowest in-hospital mortality. A score based on oxygen saturation, mental status and mobility had a c statistic for discrimination of 0.83 (95% CI 0.079–0.87) in the derivation, and 0.81 (95% CI 0.77–0.86) in the validation cohort. Another score based on respiratory rate, mental status and mobility had a c statistic of 0.82 (95% CI 0.078–0.87) in the derivation, and 0.81 (95% CI 0.77–0.86) in the validation cohort. The oxygen saturation-based score of zero points identified 51% of patients in the derivation cohort who had in-hospital mortality rate of 0.5%, and 49% of patients in the validation cohort who had in-hospital mortality of 1.0%. A respiratory rate-based score of zero points identified 45% in the derivation cohort who had in-hospital mortality rate of 0.5%, and 44% of patients in the validation cohort who had in-hospital mortality of 0.8%. Both scores had comparable performance to TEWS. Conclusion: Two easy to calculate scores have comparable performance to TEWS and, therefore, could replace it to facilitate the adoption of SATS in low-resource settings.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAfrican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)53-59
ISSN2211-419X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The authors wish to acknowledge Tapa Healthcare DAC (Dundalk, Ireland) for the complimentary use of their Rapid Electronic Assessment Data System (READS). All other costs were borne by the authors. The authors would also like to thank Mr. Alan Murray, Passage West, Ireland for his generous IT support.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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