Tuning surface plasmons in interconnected hemispherical Au shells

Peter Nielsen, Sergey M. Novikov, Jonas Beermann, Per Morgen, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi, Ole Albrektsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

We present a new approach for making interconnected hemispherical shells by stripping Au from templates of anodized aluminum, where the metal thickness can be adjusted without affecting the outer radius of curvature, film roughness and the sharpness of the hemisphere contact areas. This provides increased understanding of the surface plasmon resonances (SPRs) observed for Film-On-Nanospheres (FONs) by decoupling these parameters, which are coupled in the case of FONs. Investigating the influence of the shell thicknesses on the spectral positions of SPRs for FONs involves a dielectric core with a fixed radius encased by a metal film with adjustable thickness. By performing linear reflection spectroscopy, we demonstrate a wide tunability of the SPR by tailoring the inner hemisphere diameter, while keeping the outer diameter fixed. Deposition of extra Au on top of thick, previously stripped hemispherical shells isolates optical response contributions from Au grain- and island-mediated roughness, and unsharpening contact areas in form of decreasing LSPR quality factor. Two-photon luminescence scanning optical microscopy of shells with different thicknesses, applying several different laser wavelengths, is exploited to map local electromagnetic hot spots and correlate the high field enhancements with the linear reflection spectroscopy measurements.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftOptics Express
Vol/bind20
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)534-546
ISSN1094-4087
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011

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