Tubular localization and expressional dynamics of aquaporins in the kidney of seawater-challenged Atlantic salmon

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Most vertebrate nephrons possess an inherited ability to secrete fluid in normal or pathophysiological states. We hypothesized that renal aquaporin expression and localization are functionally regulated in response to seawater and during smoltification in Atlantic salmon and thus reflect a shift in renal function from filtration towards secretion. We localized aquaporins (Aqp) in Atlantic salmon renal tubular segments by immunohistochemistry and monitored their expressional dynamics using RT-PCR and immunoblotting. Three aquaporins: Aqpa1aa, Aqp1ab and Aqp8b and two aquaglyceroporins Aqp3a and Aqp10b were localized in the kidney of salmon. The staining for all aquaporins was most abundant in the proximal kidney tubules and there was no clear effect of salinity or developmental stage on localization pattern. Aqp1aa and Aqp3a were abundant apically but extended throughout the epithelial cells. Aqp10b was expressed apically and along the lateral membrane. Aqp8b was mainly basolateral and Aqp1ab was located in sub-apical intracellular compartments. mRNAs of aqp8b and aqp10b were higher in FW smolts compared to FW parr, whereas the opposite was true for aqp1aa. Aqp mRNA levels changed in response to both SW and sham transfer. Protein levels, however, were stable for most paralogs. In conclusion, aquaporins are abundant in salmon proximal renal tubules and may participate in water secretion and thus urine modification as suggested for other vertebrates. Further studies should seek to couple functional measurements of single nephrons to expression and localization of Aqps in the salmonid kidney.

TidsskriftJournal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systems, and Environmental Physiology
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)207-223
StatusUdgivet - 2015


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