Tuberkulose og HIV-pandemien. Risiko for nosokomiel tuberkuloseinfektion

C Pedersen, H J Kolmos, J O Nielsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has had a major impact on the epidemiology of tuberculosis. In several African countries the incidence of tuberculosis has doubled, and the prevalence of HIV infection among patients with tuberculosis is 20 to 60%. A similar change has occurred in some developed countries. Several factors, including HIV infection, have contributed to this change. Tuberculosis among HIV infected patients is probably more often a result of a new infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis than reactivation of a latent infection. In the USA in particular several outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis have been reported. The mortality among patients has been high, and there have been several cases of transmission to healthcare workers. Analyses of these recent outbreaks indicate that it is possible to intervene by well known prophylactic measures. Rapid diagnosis and treatment, and correct isolation procedures are essential to prevent outbreaks.

OriginalsprogDansk
TidsskriftUgeskrift for Laeger
Vol/bind159
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1233-8
Antal sider6
ISSN0041-5782
StatusUdgivet - 24. feb. 1997
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Virus Diseases
HIV
Disease Outbreaks
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Developed Countries
Epidemiology
Delivery of Health Care
Incidence

Emneord

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
  • Africa
  • Cross Infection
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Europe
  • Global Health
  • HIV Infections
  • Humans
  • Tuberculosis
  • United States

Citer dette

Pedersen, C ; Kolmos, H J ; Nielsen, J O. / Tuberkulose og HIV-pandemien. Risiko for nosokomiel tuberkuloseinfektion. I: Ugeskrift for Laeger. 1997 ; Bind 159, Nr. 9. s. 1233-8.
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abstract = "Spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has had a major impact on the epidemiology of tuberculosis. In several African countries the incidence of tuberculosis has doubled, and the prevalence of HIV infection among patients with tuberculosis is 20 to 60{\%}. A similar change has occurred in some developed countries. Several factors, including HIV infection, have contributed to this change. Tuberculosis among HIV infected patients is probably more often a result of a new infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis than reactivation of a latent infection. In the USA in particular several outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis have been reported. The mortality among patients has been high, and there have been several cases of transmission to healthcare workers. Analyses of these recent outbreaks indicate that it is possible to intervene by well known prophylactic measures. Rapid diagnosis and treatment, and correct isolation procedures are essential to prevent outbreaks.",
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Tuberkulose og HIV-pandemien. Risiko for nosokomiel tuberkuloseinfektion. / Pedersen, C; Kolmos, H J; Nielsen, J O.

I: Ugeskrift for Laeger, Bind 159, Nr. 9, 24.02.1997, s. 1233-8.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tuberkulose og HIV-pandemien. Risiko for nosokomiel tuberkuloseinfektion

AU - Pedersen, C

AU - Kolmos, H J

AU - Nielsen, J O

PY - 1997/2/24

Y1 - 1997/2/24

N2 - Spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has had a major impact on the epidemiology of tuberculosis. In several African countries the incidence of tuberculosis has doubled, and the prevalence of HIV infection among patients with tuberculosis is 20 to 60%. A similar change has occurred in some developed countries. Several factors, including HIV infection, have contributed to this change. Tuberculosis among HIV infected patients is probably more often a result of a new infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis than reactivation of a latent infection. In the USA in particular several outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis have been reported. The mortality among patients has been high, and there have been several cases of transmission to healthcare workers. Analyses of these recent outbreaks indicate that it is possible to intervene by well known prophylactic measures. Rapid diagnosis and treatment, and correct isolation procedures are essential to prevent outbreaks.

AB - Spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has had a major impact on the epidemiology of tuberculosis. In several African countries the incidence of tuberculosis has doubled, and the prevalence of HIV infection among patients with tuberculosis is 20 to 60%. A similar change has occurred in some developed countries. Several factors, including HIV infection, have contributed to this change. Tuberculosis among HIV infected patients is probably more often a result of a new infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis than reactivation of a latent infection. In the USA in particular several outbreaks of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis have been reported. The mortality among patients has been high, and there have been several cases of transmission to healthcare workers. Analyses of these recent outbreaks indicate that it is possible to intervene by well known prophylactic measures. Rapid diagnosis and treatment, and correct isolation procedures are essential to prevent outbreaks.

KW - AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections

KW - Africa

KW - Cross Infection

KW - Disease Outbreaks

KW - Europe

KW - Global Health

KW - HIV Infections

KW - Humans

KW - Tuberculosis

KW - United States

KW - English Abstract

KW - Journal Article

KW - Review

M3 - Tidsskriftartikel

C2 - 9072866

VL - 159

SP - 1233

EP - 1238

JO - Ugeskrift for Laeger

JF - Ugeskrift for Laeger

SN - 0041-5782

IS - 9

ER -