Troponin cut-offs for acute myocardial infarction in patients with impaired renal function - a systematic review and meta-analysis

Jan Kampmann, Jeff Granhøj, Frans Brandt Kristensen, Andreas Pedersen, Christian Backer Mogensen, James G Heaf, Hans Mickley

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Identifying acute myocardial infarction in patients with renal disease is notoriously difficult due to atypical presentation and chronically elevated troponin.To generate an optimized troponin cut-off value for patients with impaired renal function and acute myocardial infarction via meta-analysis.Two investigators screened 2,580 publications from Medline, Embase, Pubmed, Web of Science and Cochrane library. Only studies that investigated alternative cut-offs according to renal impairment were included.15 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and results were included in a meta-analysis. Study characteristics and cut-off values were extracted. Study quality and risk of bias were assessed by using QUADAS-2 score. Six studies were included in the meta-analysis. To calculate the optimal cut off value in accordance to AUC for troponin T and troponin I in patients with renal impairment a bivariat mixed effect model on the sensitivity and specificity transformed by way of the inverse probit function similar to the model implemented in the R-package diagmeta was employed.Review: There was a considerable diversity in study design, study population and endpoint definition. The cut-off value for patients on peritoneal dialyses was twice as high (144 ng/L) when compared to patients on hemodialysis (75 ng/l). Asian studies suggested a substantially higher troponin cut-off when compared to European and American studies. The risk of bias was low in the analyzed studies, yet several studies were considered to have a low applicability.Cut-off value for troponin T in patients not in dialysis with eGFR \lt;60 ml/min/1.73m2, a troponin T value of 47.89 ng (23.95; 71.83) was found. In patients on dialysis a troponin T value of 239.75 ng/l ( 69.27 ; 410.23) was demonstrated. The 99th percentile of the upper reference limit for troponin T was 14 ng/l. Cut-off value for troponin I: In patients not in dialysis with eGFR \lt; 60 ml/min/1.73m² a troponin I value of 42.45 ng/l ( 33.83 ; 51.08 ) was demonstrated. The 99th percentile of the upper reference limit for troponin I ranged from 9-42 ng/l depending on the assays used. Troponin I cut-off for patients in dialysis could not be calculated due to limited data.The new cut-off values could help to identify patients whose troponin suggests acute myocardial infarction rather than renal function related troponin elevation. The meta-analysis is based on only six studies in total. Further subdivision according to eGFR would be desirable in order to optimize troponin cut-off values especially for dialysis patients. A differentiation on troponin cut-offs for HD and PD patients may yield further benefits. Asian studies suggested a substantially higher troponin cut-off when compared to European and American studies. The factors behind these findings may be worth investigating.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
ArtikelnummerMo175
TidsskriftNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummerSuppl. 1
Antal sider2
ISSN0931-0509
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021
Begivenhed58th ERA-EDTA Congress - Virtual
Varighed: 5. jun. 20218. jun. 2021

Konference

Konference58th ERA-EDTA Congress
LokationVirtual
Periode05/06/202108/06/2021

Bibliografisk note

gfab092.0053

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