Toward Cytogenomics: Technical Assessment of Long-Read Nanopore Whole-Genome Sequencing for Detecting Large Chromosomal Alterations in Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Marcus H. Hansen*, Oriane Cédile, Marie L.G. Kjeldsen, Mads Thomassen, Birgitte Preiss, Nils von Neuhoff, Niels Abildgaard, Charlotte G. Nyvold

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Abstract

The current advances and success of next-generation sequencing hold the potential for the transition of cancer cytogenetics toward comprehensive cytogenomics. However, the conventional use of short reads impedes the resolution of chromosomal aberrations. Thus, this study evaluated the detection and reproducibility of extensive copy number alterations and chromosomal translocations using long-read Oxford Nanopore Technologies whole-genome sequencing compared with short-read Illumina sequencing. Using the mantle cell lymphoma cell line Granta-519, almost 99% copy-number reproducibility at the 100-kilobase resolution between replicates was demonstrated, with 98% concordance to Illumina. Collectively, the performance of copy number calling from 1.5 million to 7.5 million long reads was comparable to 1 billion Illumina-based reads (50× coverage). Expectedly, the long-read resolution of canonical translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32) was superior, with a sequence similarity of 89% to the already published CCND1/IGH junction (9× coverage), spanning up to 69 kilobases. The cytogenetic profile of Granta-519 was in general agreement with the literature and karyotype, although several differences remained unresolved. In conclusion, contemporary long-read sequencing is primed for future cytogenomics or sequencing-guided cytogenetics. The combined strength of long- and short-read sequencing is apparent, where the high-precision junctional mapping complements and splits paired-end reads. The potential is emphasized by the flexible single-sample genomic data acquisition of Oxford Nanopore Technologies with the high resolution of allelic imbalances using Illumina short-read sequencing.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)796-805
ISSN1525-1578
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Supported by the Overlæge Alfred Schou Jensen and Hustrus Fond .

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