Total volume versus bouts: prospective relationship of physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk in children

Mai Chinapaw, Heidi Klakk, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Bo Andersen, Teatske Altenburg, Niels Wedderkopp

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Resumé

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Examine the prospective relationship of total volume versus bouts of sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with cardiometabolic risk in children. In addition, the moderating effects of weight status and MVPA were explored.

SUBJECTS/METHODS: Longitudinal study including 454 primary school children (mean age 10.3 years). Total volume and bouts (i.e. ≥10 min consecutive minutes) of MVPA and SB were assessed by accelerometry in Nov 2009/Jan 2010 (T1) and Aug/Oct 2010 (T2). Triglycerides, total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (TC:HDLC ratio), homoeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure and waist circumference were assessed at T2 (Sept/Oct 2010) and combined in a composite cardiometabolic risk score. Associations of total time and uninterrupted MVPA and SB were examined using multilevel mixed linear models, with or without mutual adjustments between MVPA and SB. The moderating effects of weight status and MVPA (for SB only) were examined by adding interaction terms.

RESULTS: Children engaged daily in about 60 min of total MVPA and 0-15 min/week in MVPA bouts. Mean total sedentary time was around 7 h/day with over 3 h/day accumulated in bouts. Higher mean levels of MVPA were significantly associated with a lower waist circumference, triglycerides, insulin resistance, TC:HDLC ratio and composite cardiometabolic risk, with non-significant associations for uninterrupted MVPA. Associations with sedentary time were much smaller and inconsistent: higher total sedentary time was associated with higher insulin resistance; after adjusting for MVPA, higher mean total and bouts of sedentary time were associated with lower waist circumference, and sedentary bouts with lower composite cardiometabolic risk.

CONCLUSIONS: Children accumulated MVPA intermittently and rarely in bouts, and about half their total sedentary time in bouts. Total MVPA is important for lowering cardiometabolic risk in children, whereas both total and uninterrupted sedentary time seem of less importance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Obesity
Vol/bind42
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1733-1742
ISSN0307-0565
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Insulin Resistance
HDL Cholesterol
Weights and Measures
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models

Bibliografisk note

ER importeret fra PubMed 17.05.18/Jette

Citer dette

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title = "Total volume versus bouts: prospective relationship of physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk in children",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Examine the prospective relationship of total volume versus bouts of sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with cardiometabolic risk in children. In addition, the moderating effects of weight status and MVPA were explored.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Longitudinal study including 454 primary school children (mean age 10.3 years). Total volume and bouts (i.e. ≥10 min consecutive minutes) of MVPA and SB were assessed by accelerometry in Nov 2009/Jan 2010 (T1) and Aug/Oct 2010 (T2). Triglycerides, total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (TC:HDLC ratio), homoeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure and waist circumference were assessed at T2 (Sept/Oct 2010) and combined in a composite cardiometabolic risk score. Associations of total time and uninterrupted MVPA and SB were examined using multilevel mixed linear models, with or without mutual adjustments between MVPA and SB. The moderating effects of weight status and MVPA (for SB only) were examined by adding interaction terms.RESULTS: Children engaged daily in about 60 min of total MVPA and 0-15 min/week in MVPA bouts. Mean total sedentary time was around 7 h/day with over 3 h/day accumulated in bouts. Higher mean levels of MVPA were significantly associated with a lower waist circumference, triglycerides, insulin resistance, TC:HDLC ratio and composite cardiometabolic risk, with non-significant associations for uninterrupted MVPA. Associations with sedentary time were much smaller and inconsistent: higher total sedentary time was associated with higher insulin resistance; after adjusting for MVPA, higher mean total and bouts of sedentary time were associated with lower waist circumference, and sedentary bouts with lower composite cardiometabolic risk.CONCLUSIONS: Children accumulated MVPA intermittently and rarely in bouts, and about half their total sedentary time in bouts. Total MVPA is important for lowering cardiometabolic risk in children, whereas both total and uninterrupted sedentary time seem of less importance.",
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Total volume versus bouts : prospective relationship of physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk in children. / Chinapaw, Mai; Klakk, Heidi; Møller, Niels Christian; Andersen, Lars Bo; Altenburg, Teatske; Wedderkopp, Niels.

I: International Journal of Obesity, Bind 42, Nr. 10, 10.2018, s. 1733-1742.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Total volume versus bouts

T2 - prospective relationship of physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk in children

AU - Chinapaw, Mai

AU - Klakk, Heidi

AU - Møller, Niels Christian

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Altenburg, Teatske

AU - Wedderkopp, Niels

N1 - ER importeret fra PubMed 17.05.18/Jette

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Examine the prospective relationship of total volume versus bouts of sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with cardiometabolic risk in children. In addition, the moderating effects of weight status and MVPA were explored.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Longitudinal study including 454 primary school children (mean age 10.3 years). Total volume and bouts (i.e. ≥10 min consecutive minutes) of MVPA and SB were assessed by accelerometry in Nov 2009/Jan 2010 (T1) and Aug/Oct 2010 (T2). Triglycerides, total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (TC:HDLC ratio), homoeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure and waist circumference were assessed at T2 (Sept/Oct 2010) and combined in a composite cardiometabolic risk score. Associations of total time and uninterrupted MVPA and SB were examined using multilevel mixed linear models, with or without mutual adjustments between MVPA and SB. The moderating effects of weight status and MVPA (for SB only) were examined by adding interaction terms.RESULTS: Children engaged daily in about 60 min of total MVPA and 0-15 min/week in MVPA bouts. Mean total sedentary time was around 7 h/day with over 3 h/day accumulated in bouts. Higher mean levels of MVPA were significantly associated with a lower waist circumference, triglycerides, insulin resistance, TC:HDLC ratio and composite cardiometabolic risk, with non-significant associations for uninterrupted MVPA. Associations with sedentary time were much smaller and inconsistent: higher total sedentary time was associated with higher insulin resistance; after adjusting for MVPA, higher mean total and bouts of sedentary time were associated with lower waist circumference, and sedentary bouts with lower composite cardiometabolic risk.CONCLUSIONS: Children accumulated MVPA intermittently and rarely in bouts, and about half their total sedentary time in bouts. Total MVPA is important for lowering cardiometabolic risk in children, whereas both total and uninterrupted sedentary time seem of less importance.

AB - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Examine the prospective relationship of total volume versus bouts of sedentary behaviour (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with cardiometabolic risk in children. In addition, the moderating effects of weight status and MVPA were explored.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Longitudinal study including 454 primary school children (mean age 10.3 years). Total volume and bouts (i.e. ≥10 min consecutive minutes) of MVPA and SB were assessed by accelerometry in Nov 2009/Jan 2010 (T1) and Aug/Oct 2010 (T2). Triglycerides, total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (TC:HDLC ratio), homoeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure and waist circumference were assessed at T2 (Sept/Oct 2010) and combined in a composite cardiometabolic risk score. Associations of total time and uninterrupted MVPA and SB were examined using multilevel mixed linear models, with or without mutual adjustments between MVPA and SB. The moderating effects of weight status and MVPA (for SB only) were examined by adding interaction terms.RESULTS: Children engaged daily in about 60 min of total MVPA and 0-15 min/week in MVPA bouts. Mean total sedentary time was around 7 h/day with over 3 h/day accumulated in bouts. Higher mean levels of MVPA were significantly associated with a lower waist circumference, triglycerides, insulin resistance, TC:HDLC ratio and composite cardiometabolic risk, with non-significant associations for uninterrupted MVPA. Associations with sedentary time were much smaller and inconsistent: higher total sedentary time was associated with higher insulin resistance; after adjusting for MVPA, higher mean total and bouts of sedentary time were associated with lower waist circumference, and sedentary bouts with lower composite cardiometabolic risk.CONCLUSIONS: Children accumulated MVPA intermittently and rarely in bouts, and about half their total sedentary time in bouts. Total MVPA is important for lowering cardiometabolic risk in children, whereas both total and uninterrupted sedentary time seem of less importance.

U2 - 10.1038/s41366-018-0063-8

DO - 10.1038/s41366-018-0063-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29717272

VL - 42

SP - 1733

EP - 1742

JO - International Journal of Obesity

JF - International Journal of Obesity

SN - 0307-0565

IS - 10

ER -