Total knee arthroplasty versus education and exercise for knee osteoarthritis: a propensity‐matched analysis

James J. Young*, Michael G. Zywiel, Søren T. Skou, Vinod Chandran, J. Rod Davey, Rajiv Gandhi, Nizar N. Mahomed, Khalid Syed, Christian J. H. Veillette, Y. Raja Rampersaud, Anthony V. Perruccio


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Objective: We estimate the treatment effect of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) versus an education and exercise (Edu+Ex) program on pain, function, and quality of life outcomes 3 and 12 months after treatment initiation for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Patients with knee OA who had undergone TKA were matched on a 1:1 ratio with participants in an Edu+Ex program based on a propensity score fitted to a range of pretreatment covariates. After matching, between-group differences in improvement (the treatment effect) in Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score 12-item version (0, worst to 100, best) pain, function, and quality of life from baseline to 3 and 12 months were estimated using linear mixed models, adjusting for unbalanced covariates, if any, after matching. Results: The matched sample consisted of 522 patients (Edu+Ex, n = 261; TKA, n = 261) who were balanced on all pretreatment characteristics. At 12-month follow-up, TKA resulted in significantly greater improvements in pain (mean difference [MD] 22.8; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 19.7–25.8), function (MD 21.2; 95% CI 17.7–24.4), and quality of life (MD 18.3; 15.0–21.6). Even so, at least one-third of patients receiving Edu+Ex had a clinically meaningful improvement in outcomes at 12 months compared with 75% of patients with TKA. Conclusion: TKA is associated with greater improvements in pain, function, and quality of life, but these findings also suggest that Edu+Ex may be a viable alternative to TKA in a meaningful proportion of patients, which may reduce overall TKA need. Confirmatory trials are needed.

TidsskriftArthritis Care & Research
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)682-690
StatusUdgivet - maj 2024


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