The Role of the Nuclear Envelope Protein MAN1 in Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation

Sandra Bermeo, Ahmed Al-Saedi, Moustapha Kassem, Christopher Vidal, Gustavo Duque

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Abstrakt

Mutations in MAN1, a protein of the nuclear envelope, cause bone phenotypes characterized by hyperostosis. The mechanism of this pro-osteogenic phenotype remains unknown. We increased and decreased MAN1 expression in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) upon which standard osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation were performed. MAN1 knockdown increased osteogenesis and mineralization. In contrast, osteogenesis remained stable upon MAN1 overexpression. Regarding a mechanism, we found that low levels of MAN1 facilitated the nuclear accumulation of regulatory smads and smads-related complexes, with a concurrently high expression of nuclear β-Catenin. In addition, we found adipogenesis to be decreased in both conditions, although predominantly affected by MAN1 overexpression. Finally, lamin A, a protein of the nuclear envelope that regulates MSC differentiation, was unaffected by changes in MAN1. In conclusion, our studies demonstrated that lower levels of MAN1 in differentiating MSC are associated with higher osteogenesis and lower adipogenesis. High levels of MAN1 only affected adipogenesis. These effects could have an important role in the understanding of the role of the proteins of the nuclear envelope in bone formation. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 4425–4435, 2017.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Vol/bind118
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)4425–4435
ISSN0730-2312
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2017

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Bibliografisk note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: The Role of the Nuclear Envelope Protein MAN1 in Mesenchymal Stem Cell Differentiation, which has been published in final form at 10.1002/jcb.26096. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving

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