The role of national policies intended to regulate adolescent smoking in explaining the prevalence of daily smoking: A study of adolescents from 27 European countries.

Christina Warrer Schnohr, Svend Kreiner, Mette Rasmussen, Pernille Due, Candace Currie, Finn Diderichsen

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Udgivelsesdato: 2008-May
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftAddiction
    Vol/bind103
    Udgave nummer5
    Sider (fra-til)824-31
    Antal sider7
    ISSN0965-2140
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2008

    Fingeraftryk

    Smoking
    Health Behavior
    Databases
    Israel
    North America
    Longitudinal Studies
    Odds Ratio

    Citer dette

    @article{cfa7c54057ec11ddb1a1000ea68e967b,
    title = "The role of national policies intended to regulate adolescent smoking in explaining the prevalence of daily smoking: A study of adolescents from 27 European countries.",
    abstract = "AIMS: This study seeks to examine whether contextual factors influence adolescents' daily smoking. A focus was placed on three modifiable policies operating at a national level, non-smoking policy at educational facilities, price and minimum age for buying tobacco. DESIGN: This study is based on a merged data set consisting of the 2001/02 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study and national-level data collected from the 2003 WHO European Tobacco Control Database and the World Development Indicators Database. HBSC is an international study including adolescents from 32 countries in Europe, Israel and North America. Data were analysed with multi-level hierarchical regression models. FINDINGS: The study found large differences in the prevalence of daily smoking among adolescents, and also large differences between boys and girls within some countries. The study found that smoking bans in schools were associated with lower odds ratios of daily smoking, which was the one positive association in the study. The study found no association between cigarette prices and adolescent daily smoking prevalence, and also the somewhat unexpected finding that having an age limit for allowing adolescents to purchase tobacco was associated with an increased risk of daily smoking. CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between mandatory national bans on smoking and lower smoking prevalence. This should be confirmed by studies that examine whether mandatory bans are more rigorously implemented than voluntary bans. If this association is causal, introducing mandatory bans may reduce adolescent smoking prevalence. The findings that price was unrelated to smoking prevalence undermine findings elsewhere that adolescent smokers are more price-sensitive than adult smokers, but longitudinal studies are needed.",
    author = "Schnohr, {Christina Warrer} and Svend Kreiner and Mette Rasmussen and Pernille Due and Candace Currie and Finn Diderichsen",
    year = "2008",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02161.x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "103",
    pages = "824--31",
    journal = "Addiction",
    issn = "0965-2140",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "5",

    }

    The role of national policies intended to regulate adolescent smoking in explaining the prevalence of daily smoking: A study of adolescents from 27 European countries. / Schnohr, Christina Warrer; Kreiner, Svend; Rasmussen, Mette; Due, Pernille; Currie, Candace; Diderichsen, Finn.

    I: Addiction, Bind 103, Nr. 5, 2008, s. 824-31.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The role of national policies intended to regulate adolescent smoking in explaining the prevalence of daily smoking: A study of adolescents from 27 European countries.

    AU - Schnohr, Christina Warrer

    AU - Kreiner, Svend

    AU - Rasmussen, Mette

    AU - Due, Pernille

    AU - Currie, Candace

    AU - Diderichsen, Finn

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - AIMS: This study seeks to examine whether contextual factors influence adolescents' daily smoking. A focus was placed on three modifiable policies operating at a national level, non-smoking policy at educational facilities, price and minimum age for buying tobacco. DESIGN: This study is based on a merged data set consisting of the 2001/02 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study and national-level data collected from the 2003 WHO European Tobacco Control Database and the World Development Indicators Database. HBSC is an international study including adolescents from 32 countries in Europe, Israel and North America. Data were analysed with multi-level hierarchical regression models. FINDINGS: The study found large differences in the prevalence of daily smoking among adolescents, and also large differences between boys and girls within some countries. The study found that smoking bans in schools were associated with lower odds ratios of daily smoking, which was the one positive association in the study. The study found no association between cigarette prices and adolescent daily smoking prevalence, and also the somewhat unexpected finding that having an age limit for allowing adolescents to purchase tobacco was associated with an increased risk of daily smoking. CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between mandatory national bans on smoking and lower smoking prevalence. This should be confirmed by studies that examine whether mandatory bans are more rigorously implemented than voluntary bans. If this association is causal, introducing mandatory bans may reduce adolescent smoking prevalence. The findings that price was unrelated to smoking prevalence undermine findings elsewhere that adolescent smokers are more price-sensitive than adult smokers, but longitudinal studies are needed.

    AB - AIMS: This study seeks to examine whether contextual factors influence adolescents' daily smoking. A focus was placed on three modifiable policies operating at a national level, non-smoking policy at educational facilities, price and minimum age for buying tobacco. DESIGN: This study is based on a merged data set consisting of the 2001/02 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study and national-level data collected from the 2003 WHO European Tobacco Control Database and the World Development Indicators Database. HBSC is an international study including adolescents from 32 countries in Europe, Israel and North America. Data were analysed with multi-level hierarchical regression models. FINDINGS: The study found large differences in the prevalence of daily smoking among adolescents, and also large differences between boys and girls within some countries. The study found that smoking bans in schools were associated with lower odds ratios of daily smoking, which was the one positive association in the study. The study found no association between cigarette prices and adolescent daily smoking prevalence, and also the somewhat unexpected finding that having an age limit for allowing adolescents to purchase tobacco was associated with an increased risk of daily smoking. CONCLUSIONS: There was an association between mandatory national bans on smoking and lower smoking prevalence. This should be confirmed by studies that examine whether mandatory bans are more rigorously implemented than voluntary bans. If this association is causal, introducing mandatory bans may reduce adolescent smoking prevalence. The findings that price was unrelated to smoking prevalence undermine findings elsewhere that adolescent smokers are more price-sensitive than adult smokers, but longitudinal studies are needed.

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02161.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02161.x

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 103

    SP - 824

    EP - 831

    JO - Addiction

    JF - Addiction

    SN - 0965-2140

    IS - 5

    ER -