The role of Main Institutions

H Thomas R Persson, Didier Chabanet, Fredrik Rakar

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til rapportForskning

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Resumé

Social Enterprises (SEs) have received great deal of attention in Europe in
recent years. European SEs especially are in the spotlight after the Social Business
Initiative was launched by the EU Commission in 2011. SEs are perceived
as being able to satisfy the growing need for social services in the context of
decreasing public spending whilst also creating employment opportunities,
especially for people who have been excluded from the labour market (Defourny
and Nyssen, 2006; Borzaga et al., 2008). The positive understanding of
the SEs presence in a society has increased in the policy discourse because of
the economic crisis. It has also contributed to the increase in attention on the
relationship between SEs and the system in which they are set.
Since SEs are seen as having a positive impact on society and as contributors
to human and economic development (Scarlato, 2012; Biggeri et al., 2016), in
many countries the need emerged to understand the best methods to promote
their establishment and continued success. In order to understand these
issues, to contribute to the academic debate on SEs and to give useful policy
advice on a truly enabling ecosystem, in November 2013 a consortium of 11
organisations started an ambitious three-year research project covering 10
countries: Albania, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Poland,
Serbia, Scotland and The Netherlands. The EFESEIIS research project had four
main objectives: to identify the features of an “Enabling Eco-System for Social
Entrepreneurship”; to identify the “New Generation” of Social Entrepreneurs; to
build an “Evolutionary Theory of Social Entrepreneurship”; to provide effective
policy advices to stakeholders.
In order to pursue and achieve these research objectives, the consortium implemented
a complex research design with different work packages built both
on qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The results were analysed in
detail to explore how social entrepreneurship and social enterprises emerged
in the project partner’s countries - their co-evolution with major institutions,
the reciprocal influence with the ecosystem in which they are set and how people
that recently founded social enterprises differ from those that founded
social enterprises many years ago. All project partners carried out in-depth
case studies on the new generation of social enterprises. They also carried out
several interviews and focus groups with stakeholders, together with a survey
on social enterprises. As a result, more than 1,500 social entrepreneurs and
stakeholders have been involved in the research activities during the three
year project.
Thanks to the passion, knowledge and experience of social entrepreneurs and
stakeholders, the consortium was able to produce several reports, publications
and policy recommendations. An excerpt of this wealth of information is
included in this dissemination book with the aim of providing readers with an
accessible overview of the main results of the research project EFESEIIS. The
topics of the different chapters of the book are addressed in more detail in the
academic papers, reports and publications available on the project website
www.fp7-efeseiis.eu.
Each chapter of the book briefly tackles one of the main subjects addressed
during the research, as follows:
- The first chapter presents the main results of the survey in order to provide a
picture of European social entrepreneurs and social enterprises;
- The second chapter presents the results of a behavioural experiment to identify
the behaviour of decision makers in social enterprises and of decision makers
in other types of enterprise;
- The third chapter provides an overview of the structural features, enabling
(or hindering) factors, biographical traits and survival strategies of the new
generation of social entreprises based on 55 in-depth case studies;
- The fourth chapter provides an insight into the role of social capital in the
social economy;
- In the fifth chapter the authors address the role of the main institutions in
developing (or hindering) social enterprises;
- In the sixth chapter, stakeholder network maps are used to identify four
‘ecosystem types’ across the 10 partner countries;
- The seventh chapter gives an insight into how evolutionary theory can be
used to account for the great differences in the ways that the social enterprise
sector has matured and developed across Europe;
- The eighth chapter provides a definition of an enabling ecosystem and a first
analysis of ecosystems according to their software and hardware features.
- The last chapter presents advice to stakeholders on how to improve the European
ecosystem for social entrepreneurs.
We believe that in light of all these strands of research, understanding which
features of the system enable or hamper SEs to thrive in different contexts is
of paramount importance. Moreover, these features need to be understood in
an evolutionary perspective in which they co-evolve together with the SEs.
The knowledge of how these evolutionary processes develop over time as a
result of the various interactions between the features of the system and of the
SEs can inform policy makers on how to draft policies that are able to create
favourable conditions in which SEs can thrive. Thus, conclusions will summarize
the main contributions of the EFESEIIS project and provide a set of policy
advices for policy makers and the stakeholders of other SEs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelAN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS : Short dissemination book
Antal sider4
ForlagEFESEIIS
Publikationsdato2017
Sider33-37
Kapitel5
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Social enterprise
Ecosystem
Entrepreneurs
Stakeholders
Consortium
Politicians
Evolutionary theory
Social entrepreneurship
Economic crisis
Austria
Labour market
Factors
Economic development
Draft
Italy
Social services
Discourse
Wealth
Focus groups
France

Citer dette

Persson, H. T. R., Chabanet, D., & Rakar, F. (2017). The role of Main Institutions. I AN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS: Short dissemination book (s. 33-37). EFESEIIS.
Persson, H Thomas R ; Chabanet, Didier ; Rakar, Fredrik. / The role of Main Institutions. AN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS: Short dissemination book. EFESEIIS, 2017. s. 33-37
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abstract = "Social Enterprises (SEs) have received great deal of attention in Europe inrecent years. European SEs especially are in the spotlight after the Social BusinessInitiative was launched by the EU Commission in 2011. SEs are perceivedas being able to satisfy the growing need for social services in the context ofdecreasing public spending whilst also creating employment opportunities,especially for people who have been excluded from the labour market (Defournyand Nyssen, 2006; Borzaga et al., 2008). The positive understanding ofthe SEs presence in a society has increased in the policy discourse because ofthe economic crisis. It has also contributed to the increase in attention on therelationship between SEs and the system in which they are set.Since SEs are seen as having a positive impact on society and as contributorsto human and economic development (Scarlato, 2012; Biggeri et al., 2016), inmany countries the need emerged to understand the best methods to promotetheir establishment and continued success. In order to understand theseissues, to contribute to the academic debate on SEs and to give useful policyadvice on a truly enabling ecosystem, in November 2013 a consortium of 11organisations started an ambitious three-year research project covering 10countries: Albania, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Poland,Serbia, Scotland and The Netherlands. The EFESEIIS research project had fourmain objectives: to identify the features of an “Enabling Eco-System for SocialEntrepreneurship”; to identify the “New Generation” of Social Entrepreneurs; tobuild an “Evolutionary Theory of Social Entrepreneurship”; to provide effectivepolicy advices to stakeholders.In order to pursue and achieve these research objectives, the consortium implementeda complex research design with different work packages built bothon qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The results were analysed indetail to explore how social entrepreneurship and social enterprises emergedin the project partner’s countries - their co-evolution with major institutions,the reciprocal influence with the ecosystem in which they are set and how peoplethat recently founded social enterprises differ from those that foundedsocial enterprises many years ago. All project partners carried out in-depthcase studies on the new generation of social enterprises. They also carried outseveral interviews and focus groups with stakeholders, together with a surveyon social enterprises. As a result, more than 1,500 social entrepreneurs andstakeholders have been involved in the research activities during the threeyear project.Thanks to the passion, knowledge and experience of social entrepreneurs andstakeholders, the consortium was able to produce several reports, publicationsand policy recommendations. An excerpt of this wealth of information isincluded in this dissemination book with the aim of providing readers with anaccessible overview of the main results of the research project EFESEIIS. Thetopics of the different chapters of the book are addressed in more detail in theacademic papers, reports and publications available on the project websitewww.fp7-efeseiis.eu.Each chapter of the book briefly tackles one of the main subjects addressedduring the research, as follows:- The first chapter presents the main results of the survey in order to provide apicture of European social entrepreneurs and social enterprises;- The second chapter presents the results of a behavioural experiment to identifythe behaviour of decision makers in social enterprises and of decision makersin other types of enterprise;- The third chapter provides an overview of the structural features, enabling(or hindering) factors, biographical traits and survival strategies of the newgeneration of social entreprises based on 55 in-depth case studies;- The fourth chapter provides an insight into the role of social capital in thesocial economy;- In the fifth chapter the authors address the role of the main institutions indeveloping (or hindering) social enterprises;- In the sixth chapter, stakeholder network maps are used to identify four‘ecosystem types’ across the 10 partner countries;- The seventh chapter gives an insight into how evolutionary theory can beused to account for the great differences in the ways that the social enterprisesector has matured and developed across Europe;- The eighth chapter provides a definition of an enabling ecosystem and a firstanalysis of ecosystems according to their software and hardware features.- The last chapter presents advice to stakeholders on how to improve the Europeanecosystem for social entrepreneurs.We believe that in light of all these strands of research, understanding whichfeatures of the system enable or hamper SEs to thrive in different contexts isof paramount importance. Moreover, these features need to be understood inan evolutionary perspective in which they co-evolve together with the SEs.The knowledge of how these evolutionary processes develop over time as aresult of the various interactions between the features of the system and of theSEs can inform policy makers on how to draft policies that are able to createfavourable conditions in which SEs can thrive. Thus, conclusions will summarizethe main contributions of the EFESEIIS project and provide a set of policyadvices for policy makers and the stakeholders of other SEs.",
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Persson, HTR, Chabanet, D & Rakar, F 2017, The role of Main Institutions. i AN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS: Short dissemination book. EFESEIIS, s. 33-37.

The role of Main Institutions. / Persson, H Thomas R ; Chabanet, Didier; Rakar, Fredrik.

AN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS: Short dissemination book. EFESEIIS, 2017. s. 33-37.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til rapportForskning

TY - GEN

T1 - The role of Main Institutions

AU - Persson, H Thomas R

AU - Chabanet, Didier

AU - Rakar, Fredrik

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Social Enterprises (SEs) have received great deal of attention in Europe inrecent years. European SEs especially are in the spotlight after the Social BusinessInitiative was launched by the EU Commission in 2011. SEs are perceivedas being able to satisfy the growing need for social services in the context ofdecreasing public spending whilst also creating employment opportunities,especially for people who have been excluded from the labour market (Defournyand Nyssen, 2006; Borzaga et al., 2008). The positive understanding ofthe SEs presence in a society has increased in the policy discourse because ofthe economic crisis. It has also contributed to the increase in attention on therelationship between SEs and the system in which they are set.Since SEs are seen as having a positive impact on society and as contributorsto human and economic development (Scarlato, 2012; Biggeri et al., 2016), inmany countries the need emerged to understand the best methods to promotetheir establishment and continued success. In order to understand theseissues, to contribute to the academic debate on SEs and to give useful policyadvice on a truly enabling ecosystem, in November 2013 a consortium of 11organisations started an ambitious three-year research project covering 10countries: Albania, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Poland,Serbia, Scotland and The Netherlands. The EFESEIIS research project had fourmain objectives: to identify the features of an “Enabling Eco-System for SocialEntrepreneurship”; to identify the “New Generation” of Social Entrepreneurs; tobuild an “Evolutionary Theory of Social Entrepreneurship”; to provide effectivepolicy advices to stakeholders.In order to pursue and achieve these research objectives, the consortium implementeda complex research design with different work packages built bothon qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The results were analysed indetail to explore how social entrepreneurship and social enterprises emergedin the project partner’s countries - their co-evolution with major institutions,the reciprocal influence with the ecosystem in which they are set and how peoplethat recently founded social enterprises differ from those that foundedsocial enterprises many years ago. All project partners carried out in-depthcase studies on the new generation of social enterprises. They also carried outseveral interviews and focus groups with stakeholders, together with a surveyon social enterprises. As a result, more than 1,500 social entrepreneurs andstakeholders have been involved in the research activities during the threeyear project.Thanks to the passion, knowledge and experience of social entrepreneurs andstakeholders, the consortium was able to produce several reports, publicationsand policy recommendations. An excerpt of this wealth of information isincluded in this dissemination book with the aim of providing readers with anaccessible overview of the main results of the research project EFESEIIS. Thetopics of the different chapters of the book are addressed in more detail in theacademic papers, reports and publications available on the project websitewww.fp7-efeseiis.eu.Each chapter of the book briefly tackles one of the main subjects addressedduring the research, as follows:- The first chapter presents the main results of the survey in order to provide apicture of European social entrepreneurs and social enterprises;- The second chapter presents the results of a behavioural experiment to identifythe behaviour of decision makers in social enterprises and of decision makersin other types of enterprise;- The third chapter provides an overview of the structural features, enabling(or hindering) factors, biographical traits and survival strategies of the newgeneration of social entreprises based on 55 in-depth case studies;- The fourth chapter provides an insight into the role of social capital in thesocial economy;- In the fifth chapter the authors address the role of the main institutions indeveloping (or hindering) social enterprises;- In the sixth chapter, stakeholder network maps are used to identify four‘ecosystem types’ across the 10 partner countries;- The seventh chapter gives an insight into how evolutionary theory can beused to account for the great differences in the ways that the social enterprisesector has matured and developed across Europe;- The eighth chapter provides a definition of an enabling ecosystem and a firstanalysis of ecosystems according to their software and hardware features.- The last chapter presents advice to stakeholders on how to improve the Europeanecosystem for social entrepreneurs.We believe that in light of all these strands of research, understanding whichfeatures of the system enable or hamper SEs to thrive in different contexts isof paramount importance. Moreover, these features need to be understood inan evolutionary perspective in which they co-evolve together with the SEs.The knowledge of how these evolutionary processes develop over time as aresult of the various interactions between the features of the system and of theSEs can inform policy makers on how to draft policies that are able to createfavourable conditions in which SEs can thrive. Thus, conclusions will summarizethe main contributions of the EFESEIIS project and provide a set of policyadvices for policy makers and the stakeholders of other SEs.

AB - Social Enterprises (SEs) have received great deal of attention in Europe inrecent years. European SEs especially are in the spotlight after the Social BusinessInitiative was launched by the EU Commission in 2011. SEs are perceivedas being able to satisfy the growing need for social services in the context ofdecreasing public spending whilst also creating employment opportunities,especially for people who have been excluded from the labour market (Defournyand Nyssen, 2006; Borzaga et al., 2008). The positive understanding ofthe SEs presence in a society has increased in the policy discourse because ofthe economic crisis. It has also contributed to the increase in attention on therelationship between SEs and the system in which they are set.Since SEs are seen as having a positive impact on society and as contributorsto human and economic development (Scarlato, 2012; Biggeri et al., 2016), inmany countries the need emerged to understand the best methods to promotetheir establishment and continued success. In order to understand theseissues, to contribute to the academic debate on SEs and to give useful policyadvice on a truly enabling ecosystem, in November 2013 a consortium of 11organisations started an ambitious three-year research project covering 10countries: Albania, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Poland,Serbia, Scotland and The Netherlands. The EFESEIIS research project had fourmain objectives: to identify the features of an “Enabling Eco-System for SocialEntrepreneurship”; to identify the “New Generation” of Social Entrepreneurs; tobuild an “Evolutionary Theory of Social Entrepreneurship”; to provide effectivepolicy advices to stakeholders.In order to pursue and achieve these research objectives, the consortium implementeda complex research design with different work packages built bothon qualitative and quantitative methodologies. The results were analysed indetail to explore how social entrepreneurship and social enterprises emergedin the project partner’s countries - their co-evolution with major institutions,the reciprocal influence with the ecosystem in which they are set and how peoplethat recently founded social enterprises differ from those that foundedsocial enterprises many years ago. All project partners carried out in-depthcase studies on the new generation of social enterprises. They also carried outseveral interviews and focus groups with stakeholders, together with a surveyon social enterprises. As a result, more than 1,500 social entrepreneurs andstakeholders have been involved in the research activities during the threeyear project.Thanks to the passion, knowledge and experience of social entrepreneurs andstakeholders, the consortium was able to produce several reports, publicationsand policy recommendations. An excerpt of this wealth of information isincluded in this dissemination book with the aim of providing readers with anaccessible overview of the main results of the research project EFESEIIS. Thetopics of the different chapters of the book are addressed in more detail in theacademic papers, reports and publications available on the project websitewww.fp7-efeseiis.eu.Each chapter of the book briefly tackles one of the main subjects addressedduring the research, as follows:- The first chapter presents the main results of the survey in order to provide apicture of European social entrepreneurs and social enterprises;- The second chapter presents the results of a behavioural experiment to identifythe behaviour of decision makers in social enterprises and of decision makersin other types of enterprise;- The third chapter provides an overview of the structural features, enabling(or hindering) factors, biographical traits and survival strategies of the newgeneration of social entreprises based on 55 in-depth case studies;- The fourth chapter provides an insight into the role of social capital in thesocial economy;- In the fifth chapter the authors address the role of the main institutions indeveloping (or hindering) social enterprises;- In the sixth chapter, stakeholder network maps are used to identify four‘ecosystem types’ across the 10 partner countries;- The seventh chapter gives an insight into how evolutionary theory can beused to account for the great differences in the ways that the social enterprisesector has matured and developed across Europe;- The eighth chapter provides a definition of an enabling ecosystem and a firstanalysis of ecosystems according to their software and hardware features.- The last chapter presents advice to stakeholders on how to improve the Europeanecosystem for social entrepreneurs.We believe that in light of all these strands of research, understanding whichfeatures of the system enable or hamper SEs to thrive in different contexts isof paramount importance. Moreover, these features need to be understood inan evolutionary perspective in which they co-evolve together with the SEs.The knowledge of how these evolutionary processes develop over time as aresult of the various interactions between the features of the system and of theSEs can inform policy makers on how to draft policies that are able to createfavourable conditions in which SEs can thrive. Thus, conclusions will summarizethe main contributions of the EFESEIIS project and provide a set of policyadvices for policy makers and the stakeholders of other SEs.

KW - social enterprises

KW - social entrepreneurship

KW - social innovation

KW - social capital

M3 - Report chapter

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PB - EFESEIIS

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Persson HTR, Chabanet D, Rakar F. The role of Main Institutions. I AN INSIGHT INTO PROJECT RESULTS: Short dissemination book. EFESEIIS. 2017. s. 33-37