The relevance of age at first alcohol and nicotine use for initiation of cannabis use and progression to cannabis use disorders

Silke Behrendt*, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Michael Höfler, Axel Perkonigg, Gerhard Bühringer, Roselind Lieb, Hans Ulrich Wittchen

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background: A younger age at onset of use of a specific substance is a well-documented risk-factor for a substance use disorder (SUD) related to that specific substance. However, the cross-substance relationship between a younger age at onset of alcohol use (AU) and nicotine use (NU) and the risk of cannabis use disorders (CUD) in adolescence and early adulthood remains unclear. Aims: To identify the sequence of and latency between initial AU/NU and initial cannabis use (CU). To investigate whether younger age at AU- and NU-onset is associated with any and earlier CU-onset and a higher risk of transition from first CU to CUD, taking into account externalizing disorders (ED) and parental substance use disorders as putative influential factors. Methods: Prospective-longitudinal community study with N= 3021 subjects (baseline age 14-24) and up to four assessment waves over up to ten years with additional direct parental and family history information. Substance use and CUD were assessed with the DSM-IV/M-CIDI. Results: Most subjects with CU reported AU (99%) and NU (94%). Among users of both substances, 93% reported AU prior to CU (87% for NU). After adjustment for ED and parental substance use disorders younger age at AU-onset was associated with any CU. Younger age at NU-onset was associated with earlier CU initiation. Younger age at AU- and NU-onset was not associated with a higher risk of CUD. Conclusions: The cross-substance relevance of younger age at first AU and NU for the risk of CUD is limited to early CU involvement.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Vol/bind123
Udgave nummer1-3
Sider (fra-til)48-56
ISSN0376-8716
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jun. 2012
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'The relevance of age at first alcohol and nicotine use for initiation of cannabis use and progression to cannabis use disorders'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater