The prognostic role of DSM-5 alcohol use disorder severity and age of onset in treatment outcome among adults aged 60+

Silke Behrendt*, Alexis Kuerbis, Anna Mejldal, Barbara Braun-Michl, Randi Bilberg, Gerhard Bühringer, Michael P Bogenschutz, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kjeld Andersen

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

AIMS: To investigate among older adults with DSM-5 alcohol use disorder (AUD) the relevance of (1) baseline DSM-5 AUD severity, (2) age of DSM-5 AUD onset, and (3) the interactions of DSM-5 AUD severity*treatment condition and age of DSM-5 AUD onset*treatment condition for the prediction of AUD treatment outcomes.

METHODS: The international multicenter RCT "ELDERLY-Study" compared outpatient motivational enhancement therapy (4 sessions) with outpatient motivational enhancement therapy followed by community reinforcement approach for seniors (8 sessions) in adults aged 60+ with DSM-5 AUD. Baseline and 1-, 3-, and 6-month follow-up data from the German and Danish ELDERLY-sites (n = 544) were used (6-month participation rate: 75.9%). DSM-5 AUD diagnoses were obtained using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and alcohol use using Form 90. Associations between DSM-5 AUD severity and age of onset and AUD treatment outcomes were investigated using multiple logistic regression and generalized linear models.

RESULTS: The sample was diverse in AUD severity (severe: 54.9%, moderate: 28.2%, mild: 16.9%) and age of onset (median: 50 years; 12-78 years). Overall, with few exceptions, neither AUD severity, nor age of onset, nor their respective interactions with treatment condition significantly predicted drinking outcomes at the different follow-ups (P ≥ 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: No indication was found for the need to tailor treatment content according to DSM-5 AUD severity and earlier onset in older adults.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Addiction Medicine
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)303-309
ISSN1932-0620
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jun. 2022

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  • Alkohol behandling ældre

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