The prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers and those at risk of falls in a secondary care falls unit as measured by bioimpedance analysis

Katherine Sarah Bames, Barbara Smeed, Rachael Taylor, Victoria Hood, Katherine Brooke-Wavell, Adrian Slee, Jesper Ryg, Tahir Masud

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

71 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

Objectives: Sarcopenia is characterised by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with adverse outcomes: physical disability, poor quality of life and death. Low muscle mass and strength are risk factors for falls, although there are few data available on the prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers. This study aimed to determine prevalence of sarcopenia in older people referred to a falls clinic. Methods: Consecutive patients referred to a secondary care falls unit were recruited. Sarcopenia was diagnosed using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia definition (low muscle mass and function) and cut-off points. Bio-impedance measured appendicular skeletal muscle mass. Gait speed and grip strength were functional measures. Results: Fifty-eight patients were recruited. Mean (SD) grip strength for women and men respectively were 17.9 (4.9) and 29.9(8.7) kg, mean (SD) gait speeds were 0.61(0.18) and 0.72 (0.4) m/s, mean (SD) appendicular skeletal muscle index in women and men were 6.98(1.0) and 7.85 (1.0) kg/m2 (p=0.018). Prevalence of sarcopenia was 9.8% (95% CI=1.6%-18%). Conclusions: Sarcopenia, as measured by bio-impedance is not uncommon in older people accessing a secondary care falls clinic. Bio-impedance was simple to perform, although further validation against gold standard methods is needed. As nutritional and exercise interventions for sarcopenia are available, simple methods for diagnosing sarcopenia in fallers should be considered.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)128-131
ISSN2459-4148
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Sarcopenia
Electric Impedance
Skeletal Muscle
Quality of Life
Exercise
Muscles

Citer dette

Bames, Katherine Sarah ; Smeed, Barbara ; Taylor, Rachael ; Hood, Victoria ; Brooke-Wavell, Katherine ; Slee, Adrian ; Ryg, Jesper ; Masud, Tahir. / The prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers and those at risk of falls in a secondary care falls unit as measured by bioimpedance analysis. I: Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls. 2018 ; Bind 3, Nr. 3. s. 128-131.
@article{10f20ce189d74469973c30c5ee25647f,
title = "The prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers and those at risk of falls in a secondary care falls unit as measured by bioimpedance analysis",
abstract = "Objectives: Sarcopenia is characterised by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with adverse outcomes: physical disability, poor quality of life and death. Low muscle mass and strength are risk factors for falls, although there are few data available on the prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers. This study aimed to determine prevalence of sarcopenia in older people referred to a falls clinic. Methods: Consecutive patients referred to a secondary care falls unit were recruited. Sarcopenia was diagnosed using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia definition (low muscle mass and function) and cut-off points. Bio-impedance measured appendicular skeletal muscle mass. Gait speed and grip strength were functional measures. Results: Fifty-eight patients were recruited. Mean (SD) grip strength for women and men respectively were 17.9 (4.9) and 29.9(8.7) kg, mean (SD) gait speeds were 0.61(0.18) and 0.72 (0.4) m/s, mean (SD) appendicular skeletal muscle index in women and men were 6.98(1.0) and 7.85 (1.0) kg/m2 (p=0.018). Prevalence of sarcopenia was 9.8{\%} (95{\%} CI=1.6{\%}-18{\%}). Conclusions: Sarcopenia, as measured by bio-impedance is not uncommon in older people accessing a secondary care falls clinic. Bio-impedance was simple to perform, although further validation against gold standard methods is needed. As nutritional and exercise interventions for sarcopenia are available, simple methods for diagnosing sarcopenia in fallers should be considered.",
author = "Bames, {Katherine Sarah} and Barbara Smeed and Rachael Taylor and Victoria Hood and Katherine Brooke-Wavell and Adrian Slee and Jesper Ryg and Tahir Masud",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.22540/JFSF-03-128",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "128--131",
journal = "Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls",
issn = "2459-4148",
publisher = "Hylonome Publications",
number = "3",

}

The prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers and those at risk of falls in a secondary care falls unit as measured by bioimpedance analysis. / Bames, Katherine Sarah; Smeed, Barbara; Taylor, Rachael; Hood, Victoria; Brooke-Wavell, Katherine; Slee, Adrian ; Ryg, Jesper; Masud, Tahir.

I: Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls, Bind 3, Nr. 3, 09.2018, s. 128-131.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers and those at risk of falls in a secondary care falls unit as measured by bioimpedance analysis

AU - Bames, Katherine Sarah

AU - Smeed, Barbara

AU - Taylor, Rachael

AU - Hood, Victoria

AU - Brooke-Wavell, Katherine

AU - Slee, Adrian

AU - Ryg, Jesper

AU - Masud, Tahir

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Objectives: Sarcopenia is characterised by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with adverse outcomes: physical disability, poor quality of life and death. Low muscle mass and strength are risk factors for falls, although there are few data available on the prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers. This study aimed to determine prevalence of sarcopenia in older people referred to a falls clinic. Methods: Consecutive patients referred to a secondary care falls unit were recruited. Sarcopenia was diagnosed using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia definition (low muscle mass and function) and cut-off points. Bio-impedance measured appendicular skeletal muscle mass. Gait speed and grip strength were functional measures. Results: Fifty-eight patients were recruited. Mean (SD) grip strength for women and men respectively were 17.9 (4.9) and 29.9(8.7) kg, mean (SD) gait speeds were 0.61(0.18) and 0.72 (0.4) m/s, mean (SD) appendicular skeletal muscle index in women and men were 6.98(1.0) and 7.85 (1.0) kg/m2 (p=0.018). Prevalence of sarcopenia was 9.8% (95% CI=1.6%-18%). Conclusions: Sarcopenia, as measured by bio-impedance is not uncommon in older people accessing a secondary care falls clinic. Bio-impedance was simple to perform, although further validation against gold standard methods is needed. As nutritional and exercise interventions for sarcopenia are available, simple methods for diagnosing sarcopenia in fallers should be considered.

AB - Objectives: Sarcopenia is characterised by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength with adverse outcomes: physical disability, poor quality of life and death. Low muscle mass and strength are risk factors for falls, although there are few data available on the prevalence of sarcopenia in fallers. This study aimed to determine prevalence of sarcopenia in older people referred to a falls clinic. Methods: Consecutive patients referred to a secondary care falls unit were recruited. Sarcopenia was diagnosed using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia definition (low muscle mass and function) and cut-off points. Bio-impedance measured appendicular skeletal muscle mass. Gait speed and grip strength were functional measures. Results: Fifty-eight patients were recruited. Mean (SD) grip strength for women and men respectively were 17.9 (4.9) and 29.9(8.7) kg, mean (SD) gait speeds were 0.61(0.18) and 0.72 (0.4) m/s, mean (SD) appendicular skeletal muscle index in women and men were 6.98(1.0) and 7.85 (1.0) kg/m2 (p=0.018). Prevalence of sarcopenia was 9.8% (95% CI=1.6%-18%). Conclusions: Sarcopenia, as measured by bio-impedance is not uncommon in older people accessing a secondary care falls clinic. Bio-impedance was simple to perform, although further validation against gold standard methods is needed. As nutritional and exercise interventions for sarcopenia are available, simple methods for diagnosing sarcopenia in fallers should be considered.

U2 - 10.22540/JFSF-03-128

DO - 10.22540/JFSF-03-128

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

SP - 128

EP - 131

JO - Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls

JF - Journal of Frailty, Sarcopenia & Falls

SN - 2459-4148

IS - 3

ER -