The mitochondrial protein NLRX1 controls the balance between extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis.

Fraser Soares, Ivan Tattoli, Muhammed Rahman, Susan Robertson, Antoaneta Belcheva, Daniel Liu, Catherine Streutker, Shawn Winer, Daniel Winer, Alberto Martin, Dana Philpott, Damien Arnoult, Stephen Girardin

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NLRX1 is a mitochondrial Nod-like receptor (NLR) protein whose function remains enigmatic. Here, we observed that NLRX1 expression was glucose-regulated and blunted by SV40 transformation. In transformed but not primary murine embryonic fibroblasts, NLRX1 expression mediated resistance to an extrinsic apoptotic signal, whereas conferring susceptibility to intrinsic apoptotic signals, such as glycolysis inhibition, increased cytosolic calcium and endoplasmic reticulum stress. In a murine model of colorectal cancer induced by azoxymethane, NLRX1-/- mice developed fewer tumors than wild type mice. In contrast, in a colitis-associated cancer model combining azoxymethane and dextran sulfate sodium, NLRX1-/- mice developed a more severe pathology likely due to the increased sensitivity to dextran sulfate sodium colitis. Together, these results identify NLRX1 as a critical mitochondrial protein implicated in the regulation of apoptosis in cancer cells. The unique capacity of NLRX1 to regulate the cellular sensitivity toward intrinsic versus extrinsic apoptotic signals suggests a critical role for this protein in numerous physiological processes and pathological conditions.
TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Udgave nummer28
Sider (fra-til)19317-19330
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

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