The influence of polymeric membrane gas spargers on hydrodynamics and mass transfer in bubble column bioreactors

Gossay Tirunehe, B. Norddahl

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Gas sparging performances of a flat sheet and tubular polymeric membranes were investigated in 3.1 m bubble column bioreactor operated in a semi batch mode. Air–water and air–CMC (Carboxymethyl cellulose) solutions of 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 % w/w were used as interacting gas–liquid mediums. CMC solutions were employed in the study to simulate rheological properties of bioreactor broth. Gas holdup, bubble size distribution, interfacial area and gas–liquid mass transfer were studied in the homogeneous bubbly flow hydrodynamic regime with superficial gas velocity (U G) range of 0.0004–0.0025 m/s. The study indicated that the tubular membrane sparger produced the highest gas holdup and densely populated fine bubbles with narrow size distribution. An increase in liquid viscosity promoted a shift in bubble size distribution to large stable bubbles and smaller specific interfacial area. The tubular membrane sparger achieved greater interfacial area and an enhanced overall mass transfer coefficient (K La) by a factor of 1.2–1.9 compared to the flat sheet membrane.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Vol/bind39
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)613-626
ISSN1615-7591
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 8. feb. 2016

Fingeraftryk

Polymeric membranes
Bubble columns
Hydrodynamics
Bioreactors
Mass transfer
Gases
Membranes
Viscosity of liquids
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Viscosity
Cellulose

Emneord

  • Bubble column
  • Membrane sparger
  • Bubble size distribution
  • Interfacial area
  • Overall mass transfer coefficient

Citer dette

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abstract = "Gas sparging performances of a flat sheet and tubular polymeric membranes were investigated in 3.1 m bubble column bioreactor operated in a semi batch mode. Air–water and air–CMC (Carboxymethyl cellulose) solutions of 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 {\%} w/w were used as interacting gas–liquid mediums. CMC solutions were employed in the study to simulate rheological properties of bioreactor broth. Gas holdup, bubble size distribution, interfacial area and gas–liquid mass transfer were studied in the homogeneous bubbly flow hydrodynamic regime with superficial gas velocity (UG) range of 0.0004–0.0025 m/s. The study indicated that the tubular membrane sparger produced the highest gas holdup and densely populated fine bubbles with narrow size distribution. An increase in liquid viscosity promoted a shift in bubble size distribution to large stable bubbles and smaller specific interfacial area. The tubular membrane sparger achieved greater interfacial area and an enhanced overall mass transfer coefficient (KLa) by a factor of 1.2–1.9 compared to the flat sheet membrane.",
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The influence of polymeric membrane gas spargers on hydrodynamics and mass transfer in bubble column bioreactors. / Tirunehe, Gossay; Norddahl, B.

I: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, Bind 39, Nr. 4, 08.02.2016, s. 613-626.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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AU - Norddahl, B.

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