The Impact of Hypoglycaemia on Quality of Life Outcomes Among Adults with Type 1 Diabetes: A Systematic Review

Hannah Chatwin, Melanie Broadley, Jane Speight, Anna Cantrell, Anthea Sutton, Simon Heller, Bastiaan de Galan, Christel Hendrieckx, Frans Pouwer, Hypo-RESOLVE Consortium

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Abstrakt

Hypoglycaemia is a common barrier to optimal glycaemic management and often feared among adults with type 1 diabetes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize current evidence regarding the impact of hypoglycaemia on quality of life (QoL) and related outcomes. Electronic searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were conducted. Peer-reviewed empirical studies investigating the relationship between hypoglycaemia and QoL were eligible for inclusion. Thirty studies met the inclusion criteria. Extracted data was summarized in a narrative synthesis according to Synthesis Without Meta-Analysis guidelines. None of the studies examined the impact of hypoglycaemia on general QoL. There was no association between hypoglycaemia and diabetes-specific QoL in four of the 30 studies. Severe hypoglycaemia was associated with greater fear of hypoglycaemia and diabetes distress, and lower general emotional well-being, but not with depression, anxiety, or health status. Self-treated hypoglycaemia was associated with greater fear of hypoglycaemia. With the exception of fear of hypoglycaemia, this review shows mixed associations between hypoglycaemia and psychological outcomes. Further research is needed to investigate the impact of hypoglycaemia on other domains of QoL.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108752
TidsskriftDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Vol/bind174
ISSN0168-8227
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2021

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