Since 1993, regular population health surveys in Greenland have supported and monitored the public health strategy of Greenland and have monitored cardiometabolic and lung diseases. The most recent of these surveys included 2539 persons aged 15+ from 20 communities spread over the whole country. The survey instruments included personal interviews, self-administered questionnaires, blood sampling, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, ECG, oral glucose test, pulmonary function, hand grip strength and chair stand test. Blood samples were analysed for glucose, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), insulin, incretin hormones, cholesterol, kidney function, fatty acids in erythrocyte membranes and mercury, urine for albumin-creatinine ratio, and aliquots were stored at −80°C for future use. Data were furthermore collected for studies of the gut microbiome and diabetes complications. Survey participants were followed up with register data. The potential of the study is to contribute to the continued monitoring of risk factors and health conditions as part of Greenland’s public health strategy and to study the epidemiology of cardiometabolic diseases and other chronic diseases and behavioural risk factors. The next population health survey is planned for 2024. The emphasis of the article is on the methods of the study and results will be presented in other publications.
|Tidsskrift||International Journal of Circumpolar Health|
|Status||Udgivet - 2022|
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
The questionnaire study was funded by the Department of Health and the Department of Social and Legal Affairs of the Greenland government. The clinical data collection was funded by the Novo Nordisk Foundation [NNF 17SH0027192, and NNF 17OC0028136 and NNF15OC0016544] and by Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen which is partially funded by an unrestricted donation from the Novo Nordisk Foundation; pulmonary testing was funded by V. Backer. Analyses of blood mercury was funded by the Environmental Protection Agency in Denmark (Miljøstyrelsen) (J.nr. 2019–8461). We thank the interviewers, examiners, local citizens who helped make the survey feasible, and the participants who willingly gave their time.