The gene expression time-course of repeated challenge of contact allergy (CA) remains largely unknown. Therefore, using diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP) as model allergen in healthy humans we set out to examine: (i) the monotonous and complex gene expression time-course trajectories following repeated DPCP challenges to find the predominant gene expression pattern, (ii) the time-course of cell infiltration following repeated DPCP challenges and (iii) the transcriptome of a repeated CA exposure model. We obtained punch biopsies from control and DPCP-exposed skin from ten DPCP sensitized individuals at 5-6 monthly elicitation challenges. Biopsies were used for microarray gene expression profiling, histopathology and immunohistochemical staining. Validation of microarray data by qRT-PCR was performed on 15 selected genes. Early gene expression time points were also validated in an independent data set. An increasing and decreasing trend in gene expression followed by a plateau was predominantly observed during repeated DPCP challenges. Immune responses reached a plateau after two challenges histopathologically, immunohistochemically and in the time-course gene expression analysis. Transcriptional responses over time revealed a Th1/Th17 polarization as three upstream regulators (IFN-γ, IL-1 and IL-17) activated most of the top upregulated genes. Of the latter genes, 9 of 10 were the same throughout the time course. Excellent correlations between array and PCR data were observed. The transcriptional responses to DPCP over time followed a monotonous pattern. This response pattern confirms and supports the newly reported clinical time-course observations in de novo-sensitized individuals showing a plateau response, and thus, there is concordance between clinical response, histopathology, immunohistochemistry and microarray gene expression in volunteers de novo-sensitized to DPCP.

TidsskriftExperimental Dermatology
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)926–933
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2017


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