The First Steps Taken to Implement Palliative Care in Advanced Heart Disease: A Position Statement from Denmark

Vibeke Brogaard Hansen, Susanne Aagaard, Anette Hygum, Jens Brock Johansen, Susanne S Pedersen, Vivi Lindeborg Nielsen, Mette Asbjørn Neergaard, Gitte Ryom Salomonsen, Mai-Britt Guldin, Ida Gustafsson, Hans Eiskjær, Finn Gustafsson, Stine Gundtoft Roikjær, Betina Nørager, Henrik Larsen, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler

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Abstrakt

According to the World Health Organization, palliative care must be available for everyone with life-threatening diseases. However, in daily practice the primary focus worldwide is on cancer patients. The aim of the article was to generate a national position statement as the first step in implementing palliative care in severe heart disease with focus on advanced heart failure, including tools to identify the need for and timing of palliative care and how palliative care could be organized in Denmark. A task force was formed in the Danish Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Working Group, and the position statement was prepared in collaboration with members from a broad group of specialties, including palliative medicine. Because of major gaps in evidence, the position statement was based on small and low-quality studies and clinical practice statements. This position statement was aligned with the European Society of Cardiology recommendation, focusing on relieving suffering from the early disease stages parallel to standard care and supplementing life-prolonging treatment. The statement delivers practical guidance on clinical aspects and managing symptoms during the three stages of advanced heart disease. Furthermore, the statement describes the importance of communication and topics to be broached, including deactivating implantable cardioverter defibrillators. The statement recommends a targeted effort on organizational strategies using high-quality assessment tools and emphasizes multidisciplinary and intersectoral collaboration. Danish cardiologists supported by allied professionals acknowledge the importance of palliative care in advanced heart disease. This national position statement intended to inform and influence policy and practice and can hopefully inspire other countries to take action toward implementing palliative care in advanced heart disease.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Palliative Medicine
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1159-1166
ISSN1096-6218
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

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