Over the past decades, attention has been paid to understanding the impact of oxidative stress and related modifications of DNA and RNA on various human health risks. A recent meta-analysis comprising 1915 smokers and 3462 non-smokers found a significantly higher level of DNA oxidation measured as urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) excretion in smokers compared with non-smokers in a healthy population. We aimed to investigate if an increased urinary excretion of 8-oxodG in smokers versus never smokers and former smokers could be verified in a population with type 2 diabetes. Additionally, we measured RNA oxidation levels through urinary excretion of 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGuo). Our study included urinary samples from 2721 type 2 diabetic patients, analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between daily smokers (n = 462) versus former (n = 1341) and never smokers (n = 918) regarding the RNA and DNA oxidation, respectively. We did not find any significant effect of smoking on urinary excretion of 8-oxodG or 8-oxoGuo in our study. Due to a sparse study area, it is still too early to draw any conclusions on smoking and RNA-oxidation. Regarding DNA oxidation, our study suggests that the effect of smoking seen in healthy populations might be attenuated in patients with type 2 diabetes.
|Tidsskrift||Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation|
|Status||Udgivet - jul. 2017|