The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe

Jan Douwe van der Ploeg*, Dominique Barjolle, Janneke Bruil, Gianluca Brunori, Livia Maria Costa Madureira, Joost Dessein, Zbigniew Drąg, Andrea Fink-Kessler, Pierre Gasselin, Manuel Gonzalez de Molina, Krzysztof Gorlach, Karin Jürgens, Jim Kinsella, James Kirwan, Karlheinz Knickel, Veronique Lucas, Terry Marsden, Damian Maye, Paola Migliorini, Pierluigi MiloneEgon Noe, Piotr Nowak, Nicholas Parrott, Alain Peeters, Adanella Rossi, Markus Schermer, Flaminia Ventura, Marjolein Visser, Alexander Wezel

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as ‘proto-agroecological’: approaches to farming that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological. The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, ‘agroecological turn’ offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves farmers' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Rural Studies
Vol/bind71
Sider (fra-til)46-61
Antal sider16
ISSN0743-0167
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019

Fingeraftryk

agroecology
income
farming system
farmer
economics
evidence
agricultural policy
agricultural sector
subsidy
farm
food
discourse
Europe
material

Citer dette

van der Ploeg, J. D., Barjolle, D., Bruil, J., Brunori, G., Costa Madureira, L. M., Dessein, J., ... Wezel, A. (2019). The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe. Journal of Rural Studies, 71, 46-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003
van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe ; Barjolle, Dominique ; Bruil, Janneke ; Brunori, Gianluca ; Costa Madureira, Livia Maria ; Dessein, Joost ; Drąg, Zbigniew ; Fink-Kessler, Andrea ; Gasselin, Pierre ; Gonzalez de Molina, Manuel ; Gorlach, Krzysztof ; Jürgens, Karin ; Kinsella, Jim ; Kirwan, James ; Knickel, Karlheinz ; Lucas, Veronique ; Marsden, Terry ; Maye, Damian ; Migliorini, Paola ; Milone, Pierluigi ; Noe, Egon ; Nowak, Piotr ; Parrott, Nicholas ; Peeters, Alain ; Rossi, Adanella ; Schermer, Markus ; Ventura, Flaminia ; Visser, Marjolein ; Wezel, Alexander. / The economic potential of agroecology : Empirical evidence from Europe. I: Journal of Rural Studies. 2019 ; Bind 71. s. 46-61.
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title = "The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe",
abstract = "This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as ‘proto-agroecological’: approaches to farming that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological. The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, ‘agroecological turn’ offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves farmers' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.",
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van der Ploeg, JD, Barjolle, D, Bruil, J, Brunori, G, Costa Madureira, LM, Dessein, J, Drąg, Z, Fink-Kessler, A, Gasselin, P, Gonzalez de Molina, M, Gorlach, K, Jürgens, K, Kinsella, J, Kirwan, J, Knickel, K, Lucas, V, Marsden, T, Maye, D, Migliorini, P, Milone, P, Noe, E, Nowak, P, Parrott, N, Peeters, A, Rossi, A, Schermer, M, Ventura, F, Visser, M & Wezel, A 2019, 'The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe', Journal of Rural Studies, bind 71, s. 46-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003

The economic potential of agroecology : Empirical evidence from Europe. / van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe; Barjolle, Dominique; Bruil, Janneke; Brunori, Gianluca; Costa Madureira, Livia Maria; Dessein, Joost; Drąg, Zbigniew; Fink-Kessler, Andrea; Gasselin, Pierre; Gonzalez de Molina, Manuel; Gorlach, Krzysztof; Jürgens, Karin; Kinsella, Jim; Kirwan, James; Knickel, Karlheinz; Lucas, Veronique; Marsden, Terry; Maye, Damian; Migliorini, Paola; Milone, Pierluigi; Noe, Egon; Nowak, Piotr; Parrott, Nicholas; Peeters, Alain; Rossi, Adanella; Schermer, Markus; Ventura, Flaminia; Visser, Marjolein; Wezel, Alexander.

I: Journal of Rural Studies, Bind 71, 10.2019, s. 46-61.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The economic potential of agroecology

T2 - Empirical evidence from Europe

AU - van der Ploeg, Jan Douwe

AU - Barjolle, Dominique

AU - Bruil, Janneke

AU - Brunori, Gianluca

AU - Costa Madureira, Livia Maria

AU - Dessein, Joost

AU - Drąg, Zbigniew

AU - Fink-Kessler, Andrea

AU - Gasselin, Pierre

AU - Gonzalez de Molina, Manuel

AU - Gorlach, Krzysztof

AU - Jürgens, Karin

AU - Kinsella, Jim

AU - Kirwan, James

AU - Knickel, Karlheinz

AU - Lucas, Veronique

AU - Marsden, Terry

AU - Maye, Damian

AU - Migliorini, Paola

AU - Milone, Pierluigi

AU - Noe, Egon

AU - Nowak, Piotr

AU - Parrott, Nicholas

AU - Peeters, Alain

AU - Rossi, Adanella

AU - Schermer, Markus

AU - Ventura, Flaminia

AU - Visser, Marjolein

AU - Wezel, Alexander

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as ‘proto-agroecological’: approaches to farming that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological. The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, ‘agroecological turn’ offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves farmers' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.

AB - This article discusses the economic dimensions of agroecological farming systems in Europe. It firstly theoretically elaborates the reasons why, and under what conditions, agroecological farming systems have the potential to produce higher incomes than farms that follow the conventional logic. This theoretical exposition is then followed by a presentation of empirical material from a wide range of European countries that shows the extent to which this potential is being realized. The empirical data draw upon different styles of farming that can be described as ‘proto-agroecological’: approaches to farming that are agroecological by nature, but which may not necessarily explicitly define themselves as agroecological. The empirical material that we present shows the huge potential and radical opportunities that Europe's, often silent, ‘agroecological turn’ offers to farmers that could (and should) be the basis for the future transformation of European agricultural policies, since agroecology not only allows for more sustainable production of healthier food but also considerably improves farmers' incomes. It equally carries the promise of re-enlarging productive agricultural (and related) employment and increasing the total income generated by the agricultural sector, at both regional and national levels. While we recognise that agroecology is a worldwide and multidimensional phenomenon we have chosen to limit this analysis to Europe and the economic dimension. This choice is made in order to refute current discourses that represent agroecology as unproductive and unprofitable and an option that would require massive subsidies.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85072535205

VL - 71

SP - 46

EP - 61

JO - Journal of Rural Studies

JF - Journal of Rural Studies

SN - 0743-0167

ER -

van der Ploeg JD, Barjolle D, Bruil J, Brunori G, Costa Madureira LM, Dessein J et al. The economic potential of agroecology: Empirical evidence from Europe. Journal of Rural Studies. 2019 okt;71:46-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.09.003