The ecology of suburban juvenile European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations are widespread across diverse habitats but are declining in Western Europe. Drastic declines have been described in the UK, with the most severe declines occurring in rural areas. Hedgehogs are widely distributed in Denmark, but their status remains unknown. Fieldwork on hedgehogs has tended to focus on rural areas, leaving their ecology in suburban habitats largely unexplored, with clear implications for conservation initiatives. Here, we study the ecology of 35 juvenile hedgehogs using radio tracking during their first year of life in the suburbs of western Copenhagen. We use radio-tracking data to estimate (a) home range sizes in autumn and spring/summer, (b) survival during their first year of life, (c) the body mass changes before, during, and after hibernation, and (d) the hibernation behavior of the juvenile hedgehogs. We show that males and females have small home ranges compared with previous studies. The 95% MCP home range sizes in autumn were 1.33 ha (95% CI = 0.88–2.00) for males and 1.40 ha (95% CI = 0.84–2.32) for females; for spring/summer they were 6.54 ha (95% CI = 3.76–11.38) for males and 1.51 ha (95% CI = 0.63–3.63) for females. The juvenile survival probabilities during the study period from September 2014 to July 2015 were.56 for females and.79 for males. All healthy individuals gained body mass during the autumn and survived hibernation with little body mass loss thus demonstrating that the juveniles in the study were capable of gaining sufficient weight in the wild to survive their first hibernation. The climate is changing, but there is a lack of knowledge on how this affects mammal ecology. The exceptionally mild autumn of 2014 caused the juvenile hedgehogs to delay hibernation for up to a month compared with previous studies in Denmark.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEcology and Evolution
ISSN2045-7758
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 31. okt. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Erinaceus europaeus
hibernation
Erinaceidae
Denmark
ecology
home range
autumn
body mass
range size
rural area
rural areas
radio
summer
habitat
fieldwork
Western European region
habitats
mammal
weight gain
mammals

Citer dette

@article{df21039eb8484632adf44342cfe39fa3,
title = "The ecology of suburban juvenile European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Denmark",
abstract = "European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations are widespread across diverse habitats but are declining in Western Europe. Drastic declines have been described in the UK, with the most severe declines occurring in rural areas. Hedgehogs are widely distributed in Denmark, but their status remains unknown. Fieldwork on hedgehogs has tended to focus on rural areas, leaving their ecology in suburban habitats largely unexplored, with clear implications for conservation initiatives. Here, we study the ecology of 35 juvenile hedgehogs using radio tracking during their first year of life in the suburbs of western Copenhagen. We use radio-tracking data to estimate (a) home range sizes in autumn and spring/summer, (b) survival during their first year of life, (c) the body mass changes before, during, and after hibernation, and (d) the hibernation behavior of the juvenile hedgehogs. We show that males and females have small home ranges compared with previous studies. The 95{\%} MCP home range sizes in autumn were 1.33 ha (95{\%} CI = 0.88–2.00) for males and 1.40 ha (95{\%} CI = 0.84–2.32) for females; for spring/summer they were 6.54 ha (95{\%} CI = 3.76–11.38) for males and 1.51 ha (95{\%} CI = 0.63–3.63) for females. The juvenile survival probabilities during the study period from September 2014 to July 2015 were.56 for females and.79 for males. All healthy individuals gained body mass during the autumn and survived hibernation with little body mass loss thus demonstrating that the juveniles in the study were capable of gaining sufficient weight in the wild to survive their first hibernation. The climate is changing, but there is a lack of knowledge on how this affects mammal ecology. The exceptionally mild autumn of 2014 caused the juvenile hedgehogs to delay hibernation for up to a month compared with previous studies in Denmark.",
keywords = "Erinaceus europaeus, European hedgehog, climate change, conservation ecology, urban habitats, wildlife ecology",
author = "Rasmussen, {Sophie Lund} and Berg, {Thomas Bj{\o}rneboe} and Torben Dabelsteen and Owen Jones",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1002/ece3.5764",
language = "English",
journal = "Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2045-7758",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons Ltd",

}

The ecology of suburban juvenile European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Denmark. / Rasmussen, Sophie Lund; Berg, Thomas Bjørneboe; Dabelsteen, Torben; Jones, Owen.

I: Ecology and Evolution, 31.10.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The ecology of suburban juvenile European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Denmark

AU - Rasmussen, Sophie Lund

AU - Berg, Thomas Bjørneboe

AU - Dabelsteen, Torben

AU - Jones, Owen

PY - 2019/10/31

Y1 - 2019/10/31

N2 - European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations are widespread across diverse habitats but are declining in Western Europe. Drastic declines have been described in the UK, with the most severe declines occurring in rural areas. Hedgehogs are widely distributed in Denmark, but their status remains unknown. Fieldwork on hedgehogs has tended to focus on rural areas, leaving their ecology in suburban habitats largely unexplored, with clear implications for conservation initiatives. Here, we study the ecology of 35 juvenile hedgehogs using radio tracking during their first year of life in the suburbs of western Copenhagen. We use radio-tracking data to estimate (a) home range sizes in autumn and spring/summer, (b) survival during their first year of life, (c) the body mass changes before, during, and after hibernation, and (d) the hibernation behavior of the juvenile hedgehogs. We show that males and females have small home ranges compared with previous studies. The 95% MCP home range sizes in autumn were 1.33 ha (95% CI = 0.88–2.00) for males and 1.40 ha (95% CI = 0.84–2.32) for females; for spring/summer they were 6.54 ha (95% CI = 3.76–11.38) for males and 1.51 ha (95% CI = 0.63–3.63) for females. The juvenile survival probabilities during the study period from September 2014 to July 2015 were.56 for females and.79 for males. All healthy individuals gained body mass during the autumn and survived hibernation with little body mass loss thus demonstrating that the juveniles in the study were capable of gaining sufficient weight in the wild to survive their first hibernation. The climate is changing, but there is a lack of knowledge on how this affects mammal ecology. The exceptionally mild autumn of 2014 caused the juvenile hedgehogs to delay hibernation for up to a month compared with previous studies in Denmark.

AB - European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) populations are widespread across diverse habitats but are declining in Western Europe. Drastic declines have been described in the UK, with the most severe declines occurring in rural areas. Hedgehogs are widely distributed in Denmark, but their status remains unknown. Fieldwork on hedgehogs has tended to focus on rural areas, leaving their ecology in suburban habitats largely unexplored, with clear implications for conservation initiatives. Here, we study the ecology of 35 juvenile hedgehogs using radio tracking during their first year of life in the suburbs of western Copenhagen. We use radio-tracking data to estimate (a) home range sizes in autumn and spring/summer, (b) survival during their first year of life, (c) the body mass changes before, during, and after hibernation, and (d) the hibernation behavior of the juvenile hedgehogs. We show that males and females have small home ranges compared with previous studies. The 95% MCP home range sizes in autumn were 1.33 ha (95% CI = 0.88–2.00) for males and 1.40 ha (95% CI = 0.84–2.32) for females; for spring/summer they were 6.54 ha (95% CI = 3.76–11.38) for males and 1.51 ha (95% CI = 0.63–3.63) for females. The juvenile survival probabilities during the study period from September 2014 to July 2015 were.56 for females and.79 for males. All healthy individuals gained body mass during the autumn and survived hibernation with little body mass loss thus demonstrating that the juveniles in the study were capable of gaining sufficient weight in the wild to survive their first hibernation. The climate is changing, but there is a lack of knowledge on how this affects mammal ecology. The exceptionally mild autumn of 2014 caused the juvenile hedgehogs to delay hibernation for up to a month compared with previous studies in Denmark.

KW - Erinaceus europaeus

KW - European hedgehog

KW - climate change

KW - conservation ecology

KW - urban habitats

KW - wildlife ecology

U2 - 10.1002/ece3.5764

DO - 10.1002/ece3.5764

M3 - Journal article

JO - Ecology and Evolution

JF - Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2045-7758

ER -