The complexity of finding low chromatic spanning sub(di)graphs with prescribed connectivity properties

J. Bang-Jensen*, A. Yeo

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Abstract

As usual λ(G) denotes the edge-connectivity of the graph G. It was shown in [2] that every graph G contains a spanning (λ(G)+1)-partite subgraph H such that λ(H)=λ(G) and one can find such a spanning subgraph in polynomial time. We determine the complexity of deciding, for given positive integers r,k whether a graph contains a spanning r-colourable subgraph which is k-edge-connected. We show that the problem is polynomially solvable when r>k and NP-complete otherwise. In fact, combined with the result from [2] above, this means that the problem is polynomially solvable precisely when r is such that every k-edge-connected graph has a spanning r-colourable subgraph which is k-edge-connected. One can show that all graphs whose edge set decomposes into k edge-disjoint spanning trees are 2k-colourable. We consider the problem of deciding whether a given graph G has a collection of k edge-disjoint spanning trees whose union forms an r-colourable spanning subgraph H of G. We show that this problem is polynomially solvable when r≥2k and NP-complete for all other values of r. We also determine the complexity of the analogous problem of deciding whether a digraph D has a collection of k arc-disjoint out-branchings such that the spanning subdigraph formed by the union of the arcs in the branchings is r-colourable.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer113758
TidsskriftTheoretical Computer Science
Vol/bind949
Antal sider15
ISSN0304-3975
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 9. mar. 2023

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