The complexity of finding arc-disjoint branching flows

J. Bang-Jensen*, Frédéric Havet, Anders Yeo

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Abstrakt

The concept of arc-disjoint flows in networks was recently introduced in Bang-Jensen and Bessy (2014). This is a very general framework within which many well-known and important problems can be formulated. In particular, the existence of arc-disjoint branching flows, that is, flows which send one unit of flow from a given source s to all other vertices, generalizes the concept of arc-disjoint out-branchings (spanning out-trees) in a digraph. A pair of out-branchings Bs,1+,Bs,2+ from a root s in a digraph D=(V,A) on n vertices corresponds to arc-disjoint branching flows x1,x2 (the arcs carrying flow in xi are those used in Bs,i+, i=1,2) in the network that we obtain from D by giving all arcs capacity n-1. It is then a natural question to ask how much we can lower the capacities on the arcs and still have, say, two arc-disjoint branching flows from the given root s. We prove that for every fixed integer k≥2 it is •an NP-complete problem to decide whether a network N=(V,A,u) where uij=k for every arc ij has two arc-disjoint branching flows rooted at s.•a polynomial problem to decide whether a network N=(V,A,u) on n vertices and uij=n-k for every arc ij has two arc-disjoint branching flows rooted at s. The algorithm for the later result generalizes the polynomial algorithm, due to Lovász, for deciding whether a given input digraph has two arc-disjoint out-branchings rooted at a given vertex. Finally we prove that under the so-called Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH), for every ε(lunate)>0 and for every k(n) with (log(n))1+ε(lunate)≤k(n)≤n2 (and for every large i we have k(n)=i for some n) there is no polynomial algorithm for deciding whether a given digraph contains two arc-disjoint branching flows from the same root so that no arc carries flow larger than n-k(n).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiscrete Applied Mathematics
Vol/bind209
Udgave nummerC
Sider (fra-til)16-26
ISSN0166-218X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016
Begivenhed9th International Colloquium on Graph Theory and Combinatorics - Grenoble, Frankrig
Varighed: 30. jun. 20144. jul. 2014
http://oc.inpg.fr/conf/icgt2014/

Konference

Konference9th International Colloquium on Graph Theory and Combinatorics
LandFrankrig
ByGrenoble
Periode30/06/201404/07/2014
Internetadresse

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