The burden of chronic pain: a cross-sectional survey focussing on diseases, immigration, and opioid use

Geana Paula Kurita, Per Sjøgren, Knud Juel, Jette Højsted, Ola Ekholm

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Chronic pain is currently considered a public health problem with high costs to the individual and society. To improve prevention and treatment of chronic pain, epidemiologic studies are mandatory for assessing chronic pain. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in the adult Danish population and to analyze associated factors such as diseases, immigration, and opioid use. This cross-sectional survey combines individual-based information from the Danish Health Survey (2010) and official Danish health and socioeconomic, individual-based registers. The simple random sample consisted of 25,000 individuals (≥16 years old) living in Denmark. In all, 60.7% completed a mailed or online questionnaire. Associations were examined with multiple logistic regression analysis. The study population consisted of 14,925 individuals in whom a high prevalence of chronic pain (26.8%, 95% confidence interval: 26.1 to 27.5) and a high prevalence of opioid consumption (4.5%) were observed. Other aspects of particular note: (1) a higher prevalence of chronic pain occurred among individuals with cardiovascular and chronic pulmonary diseases than among individuals with cancer; and (2) individuals with a non-Western background reported a higher pain prevalence, higher pain intensities, and more widespread pain than individuals with Danish background; however, opioids were more frequently used by native Danes. The prevalence of chronic pain as well as opioid use in Denmark are alarmingly high, and the relevance of opioid consumption is unknown.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftPain
    Vol/bind153
    Udgave nummer12
    Sider (fra-til)2332-8
    Antal sider7
    ISSN0304-3959
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2012

    Fingeraftryk

    Emigration and Immigration
    Chronic Pain
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Denmark
    Health Surveys
    Population
    Lung Diseases
    Statistical Factor Analysis
    Epidemiologic Studies
    Public Health
    Logistic Models
    Regression Analysis
    Confidence Intervals
    Health
    Neoplasms

    Citer dette

    Kurita, Geana Paula ; Sjøgren, Per ; Juel, Knud ; Højsted, Jette ; Ekholm, Ola. / The burden of chronic pain : a cross-sectional survey focussing on diseases, immigration, and opioid use. I: Pain. 2012 ; Bind 153, Nr. 12. s. 2332-8.
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    abstract = "Chronic pain is currently considered a public health problem with high costs to the individual and society. To improve prevention and treatment of chronic pain, epidemiologic studies are mandatory for assessing chronic pain. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in the adult Danish population and to analyze associated factors such as diseases, immigration, and opioid use. This cross-sectional survey combines individual-based information from the Danish Health Survey (2010) and official Danish health and socioeconomic, individual-based registers. The simple random sample consisted of 25,000 individuals (≥16 years old) living in Denmark. In all, 60.7{\%} completed a mailed or online questionnaire. Associations were examined with multiple logistic regression analysis. The study population consisted of 14,925 individuals in whom a high prevalence of chronic pain (26.8{\%}, 95{\%} confidence interval: 26.1 to 27.5) and a high prevalence of opioid consumption (4.5{\%}) were observed. Other aspects of particular note: (1) a higher prevalence of chronic pain occurred among individuals with cardiovascular and chronic pulmonary diseases than among individuals with cancer; and (2) individuals with a non-Western background reported a higher pain prevalence, higher pain intensities, and more widespread pain than individuals with Danish background; however, opioids were more frequently used by native Danes. The prevalence of chronic pain as well as opioid use in Denmark are alarmingly high, and the relevance of opioid consumption is unknown.",
    author = "Kurita, {Geana Paula} and Per Sj{\o}gren and Knud Juel and Jette H{\o}jsted and Ola Ekholm",
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    The burden of chronic pain : a cross-sectional survey focussing on diseases, immigration, and opioid use. / Kurita, Geana Paula; Sjøgren, Per; Juel, Knud; Højsted, Jette; Ekholm, Ola.

    I: Pain, Bind 153, Nr. 12, 2012, s. 2332-8.

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    TY - JOUR

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    T2 - a cross-sectional survey focussing on diseases, immigration, and opioid use

    AU - Kurita, Geana Paula

    AU - Sjøgren, Per

    AU - Juel, Knud

    AU - Højsted, Jette

    AU - Ekholm, Ola

    N1 - Copyright © 2012 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Chronic pain is currently considered a public health problem with high costs to the individual and society. To improve prevention and treatment of chronic pain, epidemiologic studies are mandatory for assessing chronic pain. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in the adult Danish population and to analyze associated factors such as diseases, immigration, and opioid use. This cross-sectional survey combines individual-based information from the Danish Health Survey (2010) and official Danish health and socioeconomic, individual-based registers. The simple random sample consisted of 25,000 individuals (≥16 years old) living in Denmark. In all, 60.7% completed a mailed or online questionnaire. Associations were examined with multiple logistic regression analysis. The study population consisted of 14,925 individuals in whom a high prevalence of chronic pain (26.8%, 95% confidence interval: 26.1 to 27.5) and a high prevalence of opioid consumption (4.5%) were observed. Other aspects of particular note: (1) a higher prevalence of chronic pain occurred among individuals with cardiovascular and chronic pulmonary diseases than among individuals with cancer; and (2) individuals with a non-Western background reported a higher pain prevalence, higher pain intensities, and more widespread pain than individuals with Danish background; however, opioids were more frequently used by native Danes. The prevalence of chronic pain as well as opioid use in Denmark are alarmingly high, and the relevance of opioid consumption is unknown.

    AB - Chronic pain is currently considered a public health problem with high costs to the individual and society. To improve prevention and treatment of chronic pain, epidemiologic studies are mandatory for assessing chronic pain. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic pain in the adult Danish population and to analyze associated factors such as diseases, immigration, and opioid use. This cross-sectional survey combines individual-based information from the Danish Health Survey (2010) and official Danish health and socioeconomic, individual-based registers. The simple random sample consisted of 25,000 individuals (≥16 years old) living in Denmark. In all, 60.7% completed a mailed or online questionnaire. Associations were examined with multiple logistic regression analysis. The study population consisted of 14,925 individuals in whom a high prevalence of chronic pain (26.8%, 95% confidence interval: 26.1 to 27.5) and a high prevalence of opioid consumption (4.5%) were observed. Other aspects of particular note: (1) a higher prevalence of chronic pain occurred among individuals with cardiovascular and chronic pulmonary diseases than among individuals with cancer; and (2) individuals with a non-Western background reported a higher pain prevalence, higher pain intensities, and more widespread pain than individuals with Danish background; however, opioids were more frequently used by native Danes. The prevalence of chronic pain as well as opioid use in Denmark are alarmingly high, and the relevance of opioid consumption is unknown.

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