The acute effects of short bouts of exercise on inhibitory control in adolescents

Anne Kær Gejl, Anna Bugge, Martin Stampe Ernst, Jakob Tarp, Charles H. Hillman, Mona Have Nielsen, Karsten Froberg, Lars Bo Andersen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Purpose: The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of short bouts of aerobic exercise with various exercise intensities on inhibitory control using a flanker task in adolescents. Methods: The study used a randomized controlled crossover design with 52 adolescents (mean age 17.7 years). On separate days, participants completed four exercise bouts consisting of three 5-min bouts at either 1) 50%, 2) 65%, or 3) 80% of maximal oxygen uptake reserve (VO 2R), 4) one 30-min bout at 65% of VO 2R, and 5) a control condition consisting of 30 min of seated rest. Conditions were counterbalanced between participants and completed at ∼4-day intervals. A modified Eriksen flanker task was conducted ∼8 min after each condition. Results: Compared to the rest Higher response accuracy across stimuli type (i.e., congruent and incongruent) was observed after five minutes of aerobic exercise regardless of exercise intensity, and shorter reaction time (RT) was observed following 80% of VO 2R compared to the rest condition and compared to the remaining 5-min conditions. No selective effects on inhibitory control were observed. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that short bouts of aerobic exercise may be a time efficient approach for enhancing general cognitive processes required during performance of tasks that modulate inhibitory control demands.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMental Health and Physical Activity
Vol/bind15
Sider (fra-til)34-39
ISSN1755-2966
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. okt. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Cross-Over Studies
Oxygen

Citer dette

Gejl, Anne Kær ; Bugge, Anna ; Ernst, Martin Stampe ; Tarp, Jakob ; Hillman, Charles H. ; Nielsen, Mona Have ; Froberg, Karsten ; Andersen, Lars Bo. / The acute effects of short bouts of exercise on inhibitory control in adolescents. I: Mental Health and Physical Activity. 2018 ; Bind 15. s. 34-39.
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abstract = "Purpose: The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of short bouts of aerobic exercise with various exercise intensities on inhibitory control using a flanker task in adolescents. Methods: The study used a randomized controlled crossover design with 52 adolescents (mean age 17.7 years). On separate days, participants completed four exercise bouts consisting of three 5-min bouts at either 1) 50{\%}, 2) 65{\%}, or 3) 80{\%} of maximal oxygen uptake reserve (VO 2R), 4) one 30-min bout at 65{\%} of VO 2R, and 5) a control condition consisting of 30 min of seated rest. Conditions were counterbalanced between participants and completed at ∼4-day intervals. A modified Eriksen flanker task was conducted ∼8 min after each condition. Results: Compared to the rest Higher response accuracy across stimuli type (i.e., congruent and incongruent) was observed after five minutes of aerobic exercise regardless of exercise intensity, and shorter reaction time (RT) was observed following 80{\%} of VO 2R compared to the rest condition and compared to the remaining 5-min conditions. No selective effects on inhibitory control were observed. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that short bouts of aerobic exercise may be a time efficient approach for enhancing general cognitive processes required during performance of tasks that modulate inhibitory control demands.",
author = "Gejl, {Anne K{\ae}r} and Anna Bugge and Ernst, {Martin Stampe} and Jakob Tarp and Hillman, {Charles H.} and Nielsen, {Mona Have} and Karsten Froberg and Andersen, {Lars Bo}",
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The acute effects of short bouts of exercise on inhibitory control in adolescents. / Gejl, Anne Kær; Bugge, Anna; Ernst, Martin Stampe; Tarp, Jakob; Hillman, Charles H.; Nielsen, Mona Have ; Froberg, Karsten; Andersen, Lars Bo.

I: Mental Health and Physical Activity, Bind 15, 01.10.2018, s. 34-39.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The acute effects of short bouts of exercise on inhibitory control in adolescents

AU - Gejl, Anne Kær

AU - Bugge, Anna

AU - Ernst, Martin Stampe

AU - Tarp, Jakob

AU - Hillman, Charles H.

AU - Nielsen, Mona Have

AU - Froberg, Karsten

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Purpose: The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of short bouts of aerobic exercise with various exercise intensities on inhibitory control using a flanker task in adolescents. Methods: The study used a randomized controlled crossover design with 52 adolescents (mean age 17.7 years). On separate days, participants completed four exercise bouts consisting of three 5-min bouts at either 1) 50%, 2) 65%, or 3) 80% of maximal oxygen uptake reserve (VO 2R), 4) one 30-min bout at 65% of VO 2R, and 5) a control condition consisting of 30 min of seated rest. Conditions were counterbalanced between participants and completed at ∼4-day intervals. A modified Eriksen flanker task was conducted ∼8 min after each condition. Results: Compared to the rest Higher response accuracy across stimuli type (i.e., congruent and incongruent) was observed after five minutes of aerobic exercise regardless of exercise intensity, and shorter reaction time (RT) was observed following 80% of VO 2R compared to the rest condition and compared to the remaining 5-min conditions. No selective effects on inhibitory control were observed. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that short bouts of aerobic exercise may be a time efficient approach for enhancing general cognitive processes required during performance of tasks that modulate inhibitory control demands.

AB - Purpose: The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of short bouts of aerobic exercise with various exercise intensities on inhibitory control using a flanker task in adolescents. Methods: The study used a randomized controlled crossover design with 52 adolescents (mean age 17.7 years). On separate days, participants completed four exercise bouts consisting of three 5-min bouts at either 1) 50%, 2) 65%, or 3) 80% of maximal oxygen uptake reserve (VO 2R), 4) one 30-min bout at 65% of VO 2R, and 5) a control condition consisting of 30 min of seated rest. Conditions were counterbalanced between participants and completed at ∼4-day intervals. A modified Eriksen flanker task was conducted ∼8 min after each condition. Results: Compared to the rest Higher response accuracy across stimuli type (i.e., congruent and incongruent) was observed after five minutes of aerobic exercise regardless of exercise intensity, and shorter reaction time (RT) was observed following 80% of VO 2R compared to the rest condition and compared to the remaining 5-min conditions. No selective effects on inhibitory control were observed. Conclusion: The results demonstrated that short bouts of aerobic exercise may be a time efficient approach for enhancing general cognitive processes required during performance of tasks that modulate inhibitory control demands.

U2 - 10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.06.003

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VL - 15

SP - 34

EP - 39

JO - Mental Health and Physical Activity

JF - Mental Health and Physical Activity

SN - 1755-2966

ER -