Tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole

a versatile synthetic receptor for electron-deficient planar and spherical guests

Steffen Bähring, Harrison D Root, Jonathan L Sessler, Jan O Jeppesen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Resumé

The first tetrakis-tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole (TTF-C[4]P) was reported in 2004. Early on it and related π-extended TTF-C[4]Ps were found to function as both anion receptors and as hosts for planar electron deficient neutral guests, including nitroaromatic explosives. Anion binding was found to occur with a 1 : 1 binding stoichiometry and to stabilise the cone C[4]P conformation, whereas planar electron deficient guests were bound in a cooperative 1 : 2 fashion to the 1,3-alternate conformer. Addition of strongly complexing anions was found to trigger release of the electron deficient guests concurrent with a conformational change to the cone form. Subsequent studies led to the discovery of anion-induced complexation with C60, and the finding that the resulting complexes would support fast photoinduced electron transfer events. Synthetic advances then led to the preparation of nonsymmetric TTF-C[4]Ps where a single moiety organises the receptor in either the 1,3-alternate conformation or the partial cone conformation, thus modifying both selectivity and sensitivity. TTF-C[4]P-based stimulus responsive systems, that rely on anions and cations as controlling inputs, have also been developed and studied in recent years. This review provides a summary of TTF-C[4]P-related chemistry.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftOrganic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)2594-2613
ISSN1477-0520
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14. mar. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Artificial Receptors
Anions
Electrons
Conformations
Cones
Complexation
Stoichiometry
Cations
tetrathiafulvalene calix(4)pyrrole

Citer dette

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title = "Tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole: a versatile synthetic receptor for electron-deficient planar and spherical guests",
abstract = "The first tetrakis-tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole (TTF-C[4]P) was reported in 2004. Early on it and related π-extended TTF-C[4]Ps were found to function as both anion receptors and as hosts for planar electron deficient neutral guests, including nitroaromatic explosives. Anion binding was found to occur with a 1 : 1 binding stoichiometry and to stabilise the cone C[4]P conformation, whereas planar electron deficient guests were bound in a cooperative 1 : 2 fashion to the 1,3-alternate conformer. Addition of strongly complexing anions was found to trigger release of the electron deficient guests concurrent with a conformational change to the cone form. Subsequent studies led to the discovery of anion-induced complexation with C60, and the finding that the resulting complexes would support fast photoinduced electron transfer events. Synthetic advances then led to the preparation of nonsymmetric TTF-C[4]Ps where a single moiety organises the receptor in either the 1,3-alternate conformation or the partial cone conformation, thus modifying both selectivity and sensitivity. TTF-C[4]P-based stimulus responsive systems, that rely on anions and cations as controlling inputs, have also been developed and studied in recent years. This review provides a summary of TTF-C[4]P-related chemistry.",
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Tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole : a versatile synthetic receptor for electron-deficient planar and spherical guests. / Bähring, Steffen; Root, Harrison D; Sessler, Jonathan L; Jeppesen, Jan O.

I: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, Bind 17, Nr. 10, 14.03.2019, s. 2594-2613.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole

T2 - a versatile synthetic receptor for electron-deficient planar and spherical guests

AU - Bähring, Steffen

AU - Root, Harrison D

AU - Sessler, Jonathan L

AU - Jeppesen, Jan O

PY - 2019/3/14

Y1 - 2019/3/14

N2 - The first tetrakis-tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole (TTF-C[4]P) was reported in 2004. Early on it and related π-extended TTF-C[4]Ps were found to function as both anion receptors and as hosts for planar electron deficient neutral guests, including nitroaromatic explosives. Anion binding was found to occur with a 1 : 1 binding stoichiometry and to stabilise the cone C[4]P conformation, whereas planar electron deficient guests were bound in a cooperative 1 : 2 fashion to the 1,3-alternate conformer. Addition of strongly complexing anions was found to trigger release of the electron deficient guests concurrent with a conformational change to the cone form. Subsequent studies led to the discovery of anion-induced complexation with C60, and the finding that the resulting complexes would support fast photoinduced electron transfer events. Synthetic advances then led to the preparation of nonsymmetric TTF-C[4]Ps where a single moiety organises the receptor in either the 1,3-alternate conformation or the partial cone conformation, thus modifying both selectivity and sensitivity. TTF-C[4]P-based stimulus responsive systems, that rely on anions and cations as controlling inputs, have also been developed and studied in recent years. This review provides a summary of TTF-C[4]P-related chemistry.

AB - The first tetrakis-tetrathiafulvalene-calix[4]pyrrole (TTF-C[4]P) was reported in 2004. Early on it and related π-extended TTF-C[4]Ps were found to function as both anion receptors and as hosts for planar electron deficient neutral guests, including nitroaromatic explosives. Anion binding was found to occur with a 1 : 1 binding stoichiometry and to stabilise the cone C[4]P conformation, whereas planar electron deficient guests were bound in a cooperative 1 : 2 fashion to the 1,3-alternate conformer. Addition of strongly complexing anions was found to trigger release of the electron deficient guests concurrent with a conformational change to the cone form. Subsequent studies led to the discovery of anion-induced complexation with C60, and the finding that the resulting complexes would support fast photoinduced electron transfer events. Synthetic advances then led to the preparation of nonsymmetric TTF-C[4]Ps where a single moiety organises the receptor in either the 1,3-alternate conformation or the partial cone conformation, thus modifying both selectivity and sensitivity. TTF-C[4]P-based stimulus responsive systems, that rely on anions and cations as controlling inputs, have also been developed and studied in recent years. This review provides a summary of TTF-C[4]P-related chemistry.

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DO - 10.1039/c8ob02514b

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EP - 2613

JO - Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry

JF - Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry

SN - 1477-0520

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