Targeted ultradeep next-generation sequencing as a method for KIT D816V mutation analysis in mastocytosis

Thomas Kielsgaard Kristensen, Sigurd Broesby-Olsen, Hanne Vestergaard, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Michael Boe Møller, Mastocytosis Centre Odense University Hospital (MastOUH)

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Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming increasingly used for diagnostic mutation analysis in myeloid neoplasms and may also represent a feasible technique in mastocytosis. However, detection of the KIT D816V mutation requires a highly sensitive method in most patients due to the typically low mutation levels. In this study, we established an NGS-based KIT mutation analysis and analyzed the sensitivity of D816V detection using the Ion Torrent platform. Eighty-two individual NGS analyses were included in the study. All samples were also analyzed using highly sensitive KIT D816V mutation-specific qPCR. Measurements of the background level in D816V-negative samples supported a cutoff for positivity of 0.2% in three different NGS panels. Clinical samples from patients with SM that tested positive using qPCR with a D816V allele burden >0.2% also tested positive using NGS. Samples that tested positive using qPCR with an allele burden <0.2% tested negative using NGS. We thereby demonstrate that caution should be taken when using the potentially very sensitive NGS technique for KIT D816V mutation analysis in mastocytosis, as many patients with SM have D816V mutation levels below the detection limit of NGS. A dedicated and highly sensitive KIT D816V mutation analysis therefore remains important in mastocytosis diagnostics.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Haematology
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)381-388
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2016


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