The function of supine auxiliaries in Swedish and Danish: Morphology and syntax in argument assignment

Bidragets oversatte titel: Supinumhjælpeverbernes funktion i svensk og dansk: Morfologi og syntaks i argumenttilskrivning

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Prima facie, the supine verb forms in Swedish and Danish appear almost identical in terms of morphological form and syntactic function, but a closer look reveals fundamental differences regarding their semantic coding and function. The paper examines the differences from the perspective of the auxiliary verbs with which the supine forms combine with special focus on the assignment of content (‘logical’) arguments to the verb in the supine form. The Swedish supine is inflected for voice, combines with only one true auxiliary and is used almost exclusively for retrospective tense constructions (perfect and pluperfect), and argument assignment is determined by the morphological specification of voice, while the auxiliary is redundant. The Danish supine has no voice inflection, combines with several auxiliaries and is used in a number of constructions, and argument assignment is determined primarily by auxiliary selection. The paper concludes that the Swedish auxiliary plays a peripheral role, which explains the possibility of auxiliary omission, while the Danish auxiliary set plays a crucial role in the specification of construction semantics and argument assignment, thus demonstrating a significant difference between the two languages in the interplay between morphology and syntax.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics
Vol/bind49
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)176-194
ISSN0374-0463
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

syntax
semantics
coding
language
Assignment
Syntax

Emneord

  • Morphology-syntax interplay
  • language-specific analysis
  • voice
  • perfect tense
  • redundancy
  • auxiliary coefficient

Citer dette

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abstract = "Prima facie, the supine verb forms in Swedish and Danish appear almost identical in terms of morphological form and syntactic function, but a closer look reveals fundamental differences regarding their semantic coding and function. The paper examines the differences from the perspective of the auxiliary verbs with which the supine forms combine with special focus on the assignment of content (‘logical’) arguments to the verb in the supine form. The Swedish supine is inflected for voice, combines with only one true auxiliary and is used almost exclusively for retrospective tense constructions (perfect and pluperfect), and argument assignment is determined by the morphological specification of voice, while the auxiliary is redundant. The Danish supine has no voice inflection, combines with several auxiliaries and is used in a number of constructions, and argument assignment is determined primarily by auxiliary selection. The paper concludes that the Swedish auxiliary plays a peripheral role, which explains the possibility of auxiliary omission, while the Danish auxiliary set plays a crucial role in the specification of construction semantics and argument assignment, thus demonstrating a significant difference between the two languages in the interplay between morphology and syntax.",
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The function of supine auxiliaries in Swedish and Danish : Morphology and syntax in argument assignment. / Nielsen, Peter Juul.

I: Acta Linguistica Hafniensia: International Journal of Linguistics , Bind 49, Nr. 2, 2017, s. 176-194.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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