Suicide and multiple sclerosis

an epidemiological investigation

E N Stenager, Egon Stenager, N Koch-Henriksen, H Brønnum-Hansen, K Hyllested, Knud Jensen, U Bille-Brahe

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

In a nationwide investigation the risk of death by suicide for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was assessed using records kept at the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry (DMSR) and the Danish National Register of Cause of Death. The investigation covers all MS patients registered with DSMR with an onset of the disease within the period 1953-85, or for whom MS was diagnosed in the same period. Fifty three of the 5525 cases in the onset cohort group committed suicide. Using the figures from the population death statistics by adjustment to number of subjects, duration of observation, sex, age, and calendar year at the start of observation, the expected number of suicides was calculated to be nearly 29. The cumulative lifetime risk of suicide from onset of MS, using an actuarial method of calculation, was 1.95%. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) of suicide in MS was 1.83. It was highest for males and for patients with onset of MS before the age of 30 years and those diagnosed before the age of 40. The SMR was highest within the first five years after diagnosis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Vol/bind55
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)542-5
Antal sider4
ISSN0022-3050
StatusUdgivet - jul. 1992

Fingeraftryk

Observation
Social Adjustment
Population Characteristics
Registries
Cause of Death

Emneord

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Denmark
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Sick Role
  • Suicide

Citer dette

Stenager, E. N., Stenager, E., Koch-Henriksen, N., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Hyllested, K., Jensen, K., & Bille-Brahe, U. (1992). Suicide and multiple sclerosis: an epidemiological investigation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 55(7), 542-5.
Stenager, E N ; Stenager, Egon ; Koch-Henriksen, N ; Brønnum-Hansen, H ; Hyllested, K ; Jensen, Knud ; Bille-Brahe, U. / Suicide and multiple sclerosis : an epidemiological investigation. I: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 1992 ; Bind 55, Nr. 7. s. 542-5.
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abstract = "In a nationwide investigation the risk of death by suicide for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was assessed using records kept at the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry (DMSR) and the Danish National Register of Cause of Death. The investigation covers all MS patients registered with DSMR with an onset of the disease within the period 1953-85, or for whom MS was diagnosed in the same period. Fifty three of the 5525 cases in the onset cohort group committed suicide. Using the figures from the population death statistics by adjustment to number of subjects, duration of observation, sex, age, and calendar year at the start of observation, the expected number of suicides was calculated to be nearly 29. The cumulative lifetime risk of suicide from onset of MS, using an actuarial method of calculation, was 1.95{\%}. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) of suicide in MS was 1.83. It was highest for males and for patients with onset of MS before the age of 30 years and those diagnosed before the age of 40. The SMR was highest within the first five years after diagnosis.",
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Stenager, EN, Stenager, E, Koch-Henriksen, N, Brønnum-Hansen, H, Hyllested, K, Jensen, K & Bille-Brahe, U 1992, 'Suicide and multiple sclerosis: an epidemiological investigation', Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, bind 55, nr. 7, s. 542-5.

Suicide and multiple sclerosis : an epidemiological investigation. / Stenager, E N; Stenager, Egon; Koch-Henriksen, N; Brønnum-Hansen, H; Hyllested, K; Jensen, Knud; Bille-Brahe, U.

I: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Bind 55, Nr. 7, 07.1992, s. 542-5.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Suicide and multiple sclerosis

T2 - an epidemiological investigation

AU - Stenager, E N

AU - Stenager, Egon

AU - Koch-Henriksen, N

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, H

AU - Hyllested, K

AU - Jensen, Knud

AU - Bille-Brahe, U

PY - 1992/7

Y1 - 1992/7

N2 - In a nationwide investigation the risk of death by suicide for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was assessed using records kept at the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry (DMSR) and the Danish National Register of Cause of Death. The investigation covers all MS patients registered with DSMR with an onset of the disease within the period 1953-85, or for whom MS was diagnosed in the same period. Fifty three of the 5525 cases in the onset cohort group committed suicide. Using the figures from the population death statistics by adjustment to number of subjects, duration of observation, sex, age, and calendar year at the start of observation, the expected number of suicides was calculated to be nearly 29. The cumulative lifetime risk of suicide from onset of MS, using an actuarial method of calculation, was 1.95%. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) of suicide in MS was 1.83. It was highest for males and for patients with onset of MS before the age of 30 years and those diagnosed before the age of 40. The SMR was highest within the first five years after diagnosis.

AB - In a nationwide investigation the risk of death by suicide for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) was assessed using records kept at the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry (DMSR) and the Danish National Register of Cause of Death. The investigation covers all MS patients registered with DSMR with an onset of the disease within the period 1953-85, or for whom MS was diagnosed in the same period. Fifty three of the 5525 cases in the onset cohort group committed suicide. Using the figures from the population death statistics by adjustment to number of subjects, duration of observation, sex, age, and calendar year at the start of observation, the expected number of suicides was calculated to be nearly 29. The cumulative lifetime risk of suicide from onset of MS, using an actuarial method of calculation, was 1.95%. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) of suicide in MS was 1.83. It was highest for males and for patients with onset of MS before the age of 30 years and those diagnosed before the age of 40. The SMR was highest within the first five years after diagnosis.

KW - Adaptation, Psychological

KW - Adult

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Denmark

KW - Depressive Disorder

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Incidence

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Multiple Sclerosis

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Sick Role

KW - Suicide

M3 - Journal article

VL - 55

SP - 542

EP - 545

JO - Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

SN - 0022-3050

IS - 7

ER -

Stenager EN, Stenager E, Koch-Henriksen N, Brønnum-Hansen H, Hyllested K, Jensen K et al. Suicide and multiple sclerosis: an epidemiological investigation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 1992 jul;55(7):542-5.