Subgroup Differences and Determinants of Patient-Reported Mental and Physical Health in Patients With Ischemic Heart Disease: Results From the DenHeart Study

Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen*, Pernille Palm, Margrethe Herning, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Britt Borregaard, Kathrine Sjøstedt Gandrup Nielsen, Lars Thrysoee, Charlotte Brun Thorup, Rikke Elmose Mols, Knud Juel, Ola Ekholm, Selina Kikkenborg Berg

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Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


BACKGROUND: A growing population is living with ischemic heart disease (IHD). Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are reliable prognostic tools. Studies exploring PROs are needed to identify vulnerable patients and guide targeted healthcare strategies.

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (i) describe PROs at hospital discharge across 3 diagnostic subgroups: (1) chronic IHD/stable angina, (2) non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI)/unstable angina, and (3) ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and (ii) examine determinants for PROs at hospital discharge in patients with IHD.

METHODS: This study included a national cohort with register-data linkage including 14 115 adults with IHD discharged from Danish heart centers. Eligible patients (n = 13 476) were invited to complete a questionnaire, and 7 167 (53%) responded. Questionnaires included the Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 12, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, EuroQoL, HeartQoL, the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, and ancillary questions. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were obtained from national registers. Student t test, χ test, and adjusted linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to investigate subgroup differences, and adjusted linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore determinants for PROs.

RESULTS: Statistically significant subgroup differences were found, with groups reporting worst to best scores for most of PROs being as follows: chronic IHD/stable angina, non-STEMI/unstable angina, and STEMI. Symptoms of anxiety were highly prevalent in the non-STEMI/unstable angina group, with 33.8% exceeding a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety cutoff score indicating a possible anxiety disorder. Determinants for worse PROs included female sex, lower educational level, obesity, and poor physical fitness.

CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in PROs across IHD subgroups were observed and determinants for poor outcomes suggested. Results may guide differentiated care initiatives and resource allocation for preventative strategies.

TidsskriftThe Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)E11-E21
StatusUdgivet - 29. maj 2019