Subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy: assessment of offspring thyroid status and mitochondrial robustness to stress

Julie Kristine Guldberg Stryhn*, Jacob Larsen, Palle Lyngsie Pedersen, Peter Haulund Gæde

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Subclinical hypothyroidism’s clinical implications on pregnancy are controversial. Consequently, thyrotropin (TSH) cutoff-values for pregnancy are continuously a subject for debate. In subclinical hypothyroidism, altered levels of thyroid hormones may affect mitochondrial function. Objectives were i) to analyze thyroid hormone levels in offspring of women with and without subclinical hypothyroidism ii) to analyze mitochondrial “robustness” in terms of MTG/TMRM ratio in pregnant women and their offspring in relation to thyroid function and iii) to perform differentiate analyses on different TSH thresholds to determine the importance of cutoff-values to results. Pregnant women were included by blood collections prior to a planned cesarean section, and cord samples were collected after delivery. Thyroid status (analyzed by Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics by an electrochemical luminescent immunoassay based on LOCI-technology) grouped the women and their offspring in euthyroid or subclinical hypothyroid, with groups established from previous recommended third-trimester cutoff-value (TSH > 3.0 mIU/L) and the recently recommended cutoff-value in Denmark (TSH > 3.7 mIU/L). Flow cytometric measurements of mitochondrial function in mononuclear blood cells with the fluorophores TetraMethylRhodamine Methyl Ester (TMRM) and Mitotracker Green (MTG) were used to evaluate mitochondrial robustness as the MTG/TMRM ratio. No significant differences in mitochondrial robustness between euthyroid and subclinical hypothyroid cohorts were observed, irrespective of TSH-cutoff applied. Maternal and cord MTG/TMRM ratios were positively correlated. Cord-TSH was elevated in subclinical hypothyroid offspring, independent of TSH cutoff applied. Cord-TSH was associated with maternal TSH-level, maternal smoking and cord arterial-pH.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Vol/bind83
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)501-508
ISSN0036-5513
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

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© 2023 Medisinsk Fysiologisk Forenings Forlag (MFFF).

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