Studying the existence and attributes of consensus on psychological concepts by a cognitive psychological model

Zita Oravecz, Katherine Faust, William H. Batchelder, Daniel Levitis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Psychological research can take a variety of directions while building on theoretical concepts that are commonly shared among the population of researchers. We investigate the question of how
agreement or consensus on basic scientific concepts can be measured. Our approach to the problem is based on a state-of-the-art cognitive psychometric technique, implemented in the theoretical framework of Cultural Consensus Theory (CCT). With this approach, consensus-based answers for questions exploring shared knowledge can be derived while basic factors of the human decision
making process are accounted for. An example of the approach is provided by examining the definition of behavior, based on responses from researchers and students. We conclude that the
consensus definition of behavior is: Behavior is a response by the whole individual to external and/or internal stimulus, influenced by the internal processes of the individual, and is typically
not a developmental change." The general goal of the paper is to demonstrate the utility of the CCT based approach as a method for investigating what current, working definitions of scientific concepts are.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Psychology
Vol/bind128
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)61-75
ISSN0002-9556
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

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