Sound Exposure of Symphony Orchestra Musicians

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: Assessment of sound exposure by noise dosimetry can be challenging especially when measuring the exposure of classical orchestra musicians where sound originate from many different instruments. A new measurement method of bilateral sound exposure of classical musicians was developed and used to characterize sound exposure of the left and right ear simultaneously in two different symphony orchestras. OBJECTIVES: To measure binaural sound exposure of professional classical musicians and to identify possible exposure risk factors of specific musicians. METHODS: Sound exposure was measured with microphones mounted on the musician's ears and recorded digitally. The recorded sound was analysed and the specific sound exposure of the left and the right ear was determined for the musicians. A total of 114 measurements covering 106 h were recorded in two symphony orchestras. RESULTS: Sound exposure depends significantly on the specific instrument and the repertoire played by the exposed musician. Concerts, group rehearsals and individual practice were all significant contributors to the sound exposure. The highest L(Aeq) of 86 -98 dB was found among the brass players. High string players were exposed from 82 to 98 dBA and their left ear was exposed 4.6 dB more than the right ear. Percussionists were exposed to high sound peaks >115 dBC but less continuous sound exposure was observed in this group. Musicians were exposed up to L(Aeq8h) of 92 dB and a majority of musicians were exposed to sound levels exceeding L(Aeq8h) of 85 dB. CONCLUSIONS: Binaural recording of the individual sound exposure showed that orchestra musicians could be exposed differently to the left and right ear and that they were primarily exposed from their own instruments. Specific repertoires as well as the specific instrument determine the level of exposure.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnnals of Occupational Hygiene
Vol/bind55
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)893-905
Antal sider13
ISSN2398-7308
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011

Fingeraftryk

Noise

Citer dette

@article{bb2cea5193804d14ae19702931e0e827,
title = "Sound Exposure of Symphony Orchestra Musicians",
abstract = "Background: Assessment of sound exposure by noise dosimetry can be challenging especially when measuring the exposure of classical orchestra musicians where sound originate from many different instruments. A new measurement method of bilateral sound exposure of classical musicians was developed and used to characterize sound exposure of the left and right ear simultaneously in two different symphony orchestras. OBJECTIVES: To measure binaural sound exposure of professional classical musicians and to identify possible exposure risk factors of specific musicians. METHODS: Sound exposure was measured with microphones mounted on the musician's ears and recorded digitally. The recorded sound was analysed and the specific sound exposure of the left and the right ear was determined for the musicians. A total of 114 measurements covering 106 h were recorded in two symphony orchestras. RESULTS: Sound exposure depends significantly on the specific instrument and the repertoire played by the exposed musician. Concerts, group rehearsals and individual practice were all significant contributors to the sound exposure. The highest L(Aeq) of 86 -98 dB was found among the brass players. High string players were exposed from 82 to 98 dBA and their left ear was exposed 4.6 dB more than the right ear. Percussionists were exposed to high sound peaks >115 dBC but less continuous sound exposure was observed in this group. Musicians were exposed up to L(Aeq8h) of 92 dB and a majority of musicians were exposed to sound levels exceeding L(Aeq8h) of 85 dB. CONCLUSIONS: Binaural recording of the individual sound exposure showed that orchestra musicians could be exposed differently to the left and right ear and that they were primarily exposed from their own instruments. Specific repertoires as well as the specific instrument determine the level of exposure.",
author = "Schmidt, {Jesper Hvass} and Pedersen, {Ellen Raben} and Juhl, {Peter M{\o}ller} and Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard and Andersen, {Ture Dammann} and Torben Poulsen and Jesper B{\ae}lum",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1093/annhyg/mer055",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "893--905",
journal = "Annals of Occupational Hygiene",
issn = "2398-7308",
publisher = "Heinemann",
number = "8",

}

Sound Exposure of Symphony Orchestra Musicians. / Schmidt, Jesper Hvass; Pedersen, Ellen Raben; Juhl, Peter Møller; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob; Andersen, Ture Dammann; Poulsen, Torben; Bælum, Jesper.

I: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Bind 55, Nr. 8, 2011, s. 893-905.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sound Exposure of Symphony Orchestra Musicians

AU - Schmidt, Jesper Hvass

AU - Pedersen, Ellen Raben

AU - Juhl, Peter Møller

AU - Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob

AU - Andersen, Ture Dammann

AU - Poulsen, Torben

AU - Bælum, Jesper

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Background: Assessment of sound exposure by noise dosimetry can be challenging especially when measuring the exposure of classical orchestra musicians where sound originate from many different instruments. A new measurement method of bilateral sound exposure of classical musicians was developed and used to characterize sound exposure of the left and right ear simultaneously in two different symphony orchestras. OBJECTIVES: To measure binaural sound exposure of professional classical musicians and to identify possible exposure risk factors of specific musicians. METHODS: Sound exposure was measured with microphones mounted on the musician's ears and recorded digitally. The recorded sound was analysed and the specific sound exposure of the left and the right ear was determined for the musicians. A total of 114 measurements covering 106 h were recorded in two symphony orchestras. RESULTS: Sound exposure depends significantly on the specific instrument and the repertoire played by the exposed musician. Concerts, group rehearsals and individual practice were all significant contributors to the sound exposure. The highest L(Aeq) of 86 -98 dB was found among the brass players. High string players were exposed from 82 to 98 dBA and their left ear was exposed 4.6 dB more than the right ear. Percussionists were exposed to high sound peaks >115 dBC but less continuous sound exposure was observed in this group. Musicians were exposed up to L(Aeq8h) of 92 dB and a majority of musicians were exposed to sound levels exceeding L(Aeq8h) of 85 dB. CONCLUSIONS: Binaural recording of the individual sound exposure showed that orchestra musicians could be exposed differently to the left and right ear and that they were primarily exposed from their own instruments. Specific repertoires as well as the specific instrument determine the level of exposure.

AB - Background: Assessment of sound exposure by noise dosimetry can be challenging especially when measuring the exposure of classical orchestra musicians where sound originate from many different instruments. A new measurement method of bilateral sound exposure of classical musicians was developed and used to characterize sound exposure of the left and right ear simultaneously in two different symphony orchestras. OBJECTIVES: To measure binaural sound exposure of professional classical musicians and to identify possible exposure risk factors of specific musicians. METHODS: Sound exposure was measured with microphones mounted on the musician's ears and recorded digitally. The recorded sound was analysed and the specific sound exposure of the left and the right ear was determined for the musicians. A total of 114 measurements covering 106 h were recorded in two symphony orchestras. RESULTS: Sound exposure depends significantly on the specific instrument and the repertoire played by the exposed musician. Concerts, group rehearsals and individual practice were all significant contributors to the sound exposure. The highest L(Aeq) of 86 -98 dB was found among the brass players. High string players were exposed from 82 to 98 dBA and their left ear was exposed 4.6 dB more than the right ear. Percussionists were exposed to high sound peaks >115 dBC but less continuous sound exposure was observed in this group. Musicians were exposed up to L(Aeq8h) of 92 dB and a majority of musicians were exposed to sound levels exceeding L(Aeq8h) of 85 dB. CONCLUSIONS: Binaural recording of the individual sound exposure showed that orchestra musicians could be exposed differently to the left and right ear and that they were primarily exposed from their own instruments. Specific repertoires as well as the specific instrument determine the level of exposure.

U2 - 10.1093/annhyg/mer055

DO - 10.1093/annhyg/mer055

M3 - Journal article

VL - 55

SP - 893

EP - 905

JO - Annals of Occupational Hygiene

JF - Annals of Occupational Hygiene

SN - 2398-7308

IS - 8

ER -