Accompanied by a change in color from red to black, the enantiomorphic phases of the cobalt complexes of a chiral salen ligand (L2-, Co(L)center dot CS2, and Co(L) (L = L-S,L-S or L-R,L-R)) chemisorb NO (g) at atmospheric pressure and rt over hours for the CS2 solvated phase, and within seconds for the desolvated phase. NO is installed as an axial nitrosyl ligand. Aligned but unconnected voids in the CS2 desorbed Co(L-R,L-R)center dot CS2 structure indicate conduits for the directional desorption of CS2 and reversible sorption of NO, which occur without loss of crystallinity. Vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra have been recorded for both hands of LH2, Zn(L), Co(L)center dot CS2, Co(L), Co(NO)(L), and Co(NO)(L)center dot CS2, revealing significant differences between the solution-state and solid-state spectra. Chiral induction enables the detection of the nu(NO) band in both condensed states, and surprisingly also the achiral lattice solvent (CS2 (nu(CS) at 1514 cm(-1))) in the solid-state VCD. Solution-state spectra of the paramagnetic Co(II) complex shows a nearly 10-fold enhancement and more extensive inversion of polarity of the vibrations of dominant VCD bands compared to the spectra of the diamagnetic compounds. This enhancement is less pronounced when there are fewer polarity inversions in the solid state VCD spectra.