Soleus nerve transfer to deep peroneal nerve for treatment of foot drop

Mohammadreza Emamhadi, Amin Naseri, Iraj Aghaei*, Morteza Ashrafi, Roxana Emamhadi, Sasan Andalib


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Different mechanisms including knee dislocation, replacement surgery, nerve tumor, lumbar disc herniation, sharp injury, and gunshot wound lead to foot drop. Several surgical techniques have been used for treatment of foot drop, however, they have had sub-optimal outcomes. Soleus branch of tibial nerve is a good donor for nerve transfer for treatment of foot drop. In this is retrospective study, we reviewed medical records of 6 consecutive patients with sustained foot drop following injury to lumbar root or peroneal nerve, who underwent transfer of the soleus branch of tibial nerve to deep peroneal nerve during 2014–2016. The mean age of the patients was 44.8 years and duration of injury to surgery and follow-up was 8.3 and 14.6 months, respectively. At the end of the follow-up, ankle dorsiflexion force was M4 in two patients (with traumatic peroneal nerve injury with M3 toe extension) and was M2 in one patient. There were three patients with lumbar degenerative disease. Of these patients, two showed M0 and one patient experienced M1 ankle dorsiflexion. We recommend that transfer of soleus nerve to deep peroneal nerve is used as an alternative technique for treatment of foot drop.

TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Sider (fra-til)159-163
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2020


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