Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity

Maria Magnusson, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Steingerdur Olafsdottir, Susanna Lehtinen-Jacks, Turid Lingaas Holmen, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann, Lauren Lissner

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Social inequalities in overweight and obesity (OWOB) have persisted in the affluent and reputedly egalitarian Nordic countries. In this review we examine associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and OWOB, and secular trends in such associations. Determinants and possible causes of the relations are discussed together with opportunities to cope with OWOB as a public health problem. The findings show a persisting inverse social gradient. An interaction between SEP and gender is noted for adults in Denmark, Finland and Iceland and for children in Sweden. There are overall tendencies for increased inequality, however no consistent trend for an increased social gradient in OWOB. Reasons that increased inequality does not unequivocally mirror in a steepened social gradient in obesity may include methodological questions as well as societal efforts to counteract obesity. Multi-level efforts are needed to prevent OWOB.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Obesity Reports
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-15
ISSN2162-4968
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Fingeraftryk

Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
Iceland
Denmark
Finland
Public Health

Citer dette

Magnusson, M., Sørensen, T. I. A., Olafsdottir, S., Lehtinen-Jacks, S., Holmen, T. L., Heitmann, B. L., & Lissner, L. (2014). Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity. Current Obesity Reports, 3(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-013-0087-2
Magnusson, Maria ; Sørensen, Thorkild I A ; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur ; Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna ; Holmen, Turid Lingaas ; Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal ; Lissner, Lauren. / Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity. I: Current Obesity Reports. 2014 ; Bind 3, Nr. 1. s. 1-15.
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title = "Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity",
abstract = "Social inequalities in overweight and obesity (OWOB) have persisted in the affluent and reputedly egalitarian Nordic countries. In this review we examine associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and OWOB, and secular trends in such associations. Determinants and possible causes of the relations are discussed together with opportunities to cope with OWOB as a public health problem. The findings show a persisting inverse social gradient. An interaction between SEP and gender is noted for adults in Denmark, Finland and Iceland and for children in Sweden. There are overall tendencies for increased inequality, however no consistent trend for an increased social gradient in OWOB. Reasons that increased inequality does not unequivocally mirror in a steepened social gradient in obesity may include methodological questions as well as societal efforts to counteract obesity. Multi-level efforts are needed to prevent OWOB.",
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Magnusson, M, Sørensen, TIA, Olafsdottir, S, Lehtinen-Jacks, S, Holmen, TL, Heitmann, BL & Lissner, L 2014, 'Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity', Current Obesity Reports, bind 3, nr. 1, s. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-013-0087-2

Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity. / Magnusson, Maria; Sørensen, Thorkild I A; Olafsdottir, Steingerdur; Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna; Holmen, Turid Lingaas; Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal; Lissner, Lauren.

I: Current Obesity Reports, Bind 3, Nr. 1, 2014, s. 1-15.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social Inequalities in Obesity Persist in the Nordic Region Despite Its Relative Affluence and Equity

AU - Magnusson, Maria

AU - Sørensen, Thorkild I A

AU - Olafsdottir, Steingerdur

AU - Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna

AU - Holmen, Turid Lingaas

AU - Heitmann, Berit Lilienthal

AU - Lissner, Lauren

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Social inequalities in overweight and obesity (OWOB) have persisted in the affluent and reputedly egalitarian Nordic countries. In this review we examine associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and OWOB, and secular trends in such associations. Determinants and possible causes of the relations are discussed together with opportunities to cope with OWOB as a public health problem. The findings show a persisting inverse social gradient. An interaction between SEP and gender is noted for adults in Denmark, Finland and Iceland and for children in Sweden. There are overall tendencies for increased inequality, however no consistent trend for an increased social gradient in OWOB. Reasons that increased inequality does not unequivocally mirror in a steepened social gradient in obesity may include methodological questions as well as societal efforts to counteract obesity. Multi-level efforts are needed to prevent OWOB.

AB - Social inequalities in overweight and obesity (OWOB) have persisted in the affluent and reputedly egalitarian Nordic countries. In this review we examine associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and OWOB, and secular trends in such associations. Determinants and possible causes of the relations are discussed together with opportunities to cope with OWOB as a public health problem. The findings show a persisting inverse social gradient. An interaction between SEP and gender is noted for adults in Denmark, Finland and Iceland and for children in Sweden. There are overall tendencies for increased inequality, however no consistent trend for an increased social gradient in OWOB. Reasons that increased inequality does not unequivocally mirror in a steepened social gradient in obesity may include methodological questions as well as societal efforts to counteract obesity. Multi-level efforts are needed to prevent OWOB.

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DO - 10.1007/s13679-013-0087-2

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JO - Current Obesity Reports

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