Social, Familial and Psychological Risk Factors for Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders in Childhood and Early Adulthood: a Birth Cohort Study Using the Danish Registry System

Mark Shevlin*, Philip Hyland, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Siobhan Murphy, Matthew Kearney, Deborah Christie, Mogens Christoferson

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

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Resumé

Research studies have identified associations between a range of social, familial and psychological risk factor and physical health. However, there are many methodological limitations in such studies (e.g. self-reported health status, retrospective recall of adverse events, and lack of control for possible heritability effects). The current study seeks to assess the effect of a range of social and psychosocial risk factors on a diagnosis of any endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic (ENM) disorders (ICD-10 E00–99) using linked Danish registry data from a large birth cohort. Data linkage. A national birth cohort of the Danish population born in 1984 was used in the current study (n = 54,458). Psychosocial risk factors including parental history of diagnosis of an ENM disorder, advanced parental age, gender, urban dwelling, economic deprivation, family dissolution and childhood adversity (child in care) were used to predict any ENM diagnosis. Bivariate associations showed that all variables, except advanced paternal age, were significantly associated with ENM diagnosis. When the variables were entered into a multivariate binary logistic regression analysis childhood adversity (child in care) was the strongest predictor of diagnosis (OR = 2.36) followed by maternal diagnosis of an endocrine disorder (OR = 1.74) and advanced maternal age (OR = 1.69). Results suggest that childhood adversity is the dominant factor in the prediction of an ENM diagnosis. The current study extends the literature conducted on adult populations by demonstrating that early adverse experiences are associated with poor or poorer health outcomes in young adulthood.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCurrent Psychology
Vol/bind38
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1297-1303
ISSN1046-1310
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Nutrition Disorders
Registries
Cohort Studies
Paternal Age
Information Storage and Retrieval
Maternal Age
Health
International Classification of Diseases
Population
Parents
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Mothers

Citer dette

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Social, Familial and Psychological Risk Factors for Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders in Childhood and Early Adulthood : a Birth Cohort Study Using the Danish Registry System. / Shevlin, Mark; Hyland, Philip; Elklit, Ask; Murphy, Jamie; Murphy, Siobhan; Kearney, Matthew; Christie, Deborah; Christoferson, Mogens.

I: Current Psychology, Bind 38, Nr. 5, 10.2019, s. 1297-1303.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social, Familial and Psychological Risk Factors for Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Disorders in Childhood and Early Adulthood

T2 - a Birth Cohort Study Using the Danish Registry System

AU - Shevlin, Mark

AU - Hyland, Philip

AU - Elklit, Ask

AU - Murphy, Jamie

AU - Murphy, Siobhan

AU - Kearney, Matthew

AU - Christie, Deborah

AU - Christoferson, Mogens

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Research studies have identified associations between a range of social, familial and psychological risk factor and physical health. However, there are many methodological limitations in such studies (e.g. self-reported health status, retrospective recall of adverse events, and lack of control for possible heritability effects). The current study seeks to assess the effect of a range of social and psychosocial risk factors on a diagnosis of any endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic (ENM) disorders (ICD-10 E00–99) using linked Danish registry data from a large birth cohort. Data linkage. A national birth cohort of the Danish population born in 1984 was used in the current study (n = 54,458). Psychosocial risk factors including parental history of diagnosis of an ENM disorder, advanced parental age, gender, urban dwelling, economic deprivation, family dissolution and childhood adversity (child in care) were used to predict any ENM diagnosis. Bivariate associations showed that all variables, except advanced paternal age, were significantly associated with ENM diagnosis. When the variables were entered into a multivariate binary logistic regression analysis childhood adversity (child in care) was the strongest predictor of diagnosis (OR = 2.36) followed by maternal diagnosis of an endocrine disorder (OR = 1.74) and advanced maternal age (OR = 1.69). Results suggest that childhood adversity is the dominant factor in the prediction of an ENM diagnosis. The current study extends the literature conducted on adult populations by demonstrating that early adverse experiences are associated with poor or poorer health outcomes in young adulthood.

AB - Research studies have identified associations between a range of social, familial and psychological risk factor and physical health. However, there are many methodological limitations in such studies (e.g. self-reported health status, retrospective recall of adverse events, and lack of control for possible heritability effects). The current study seeks to assess the effect of a range of social and psychosocial risk factors on a diagnosis of any endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic (ENM) disorders (ICD-10 E00–99) using linked Danish registry data from a large birth cohort. Data linkage. A national birth cohort of the Danish population born in 1984 was used in the current study (n = 54,458). Psychosocial risk factors including parental history of diagnosis of an ENM disorder, advanced parental age, gender, urban dwelling, economic deprivation, family dissolution and childhood adversity (child in care) were used to predict any ENM diagnosis. Bivariate associations showed that all variables, except advanced paternal age, were significantly associated with ENM diagnosis. When the variables were entered into a multivariate binary logistic regression analysis childhood adversity (child in care) was the strongest predictor of diagnosis (OR = 2.36) followed by maternal diagnosis of an endocrine disorder (OR = 1.74) and advanced maternal age (OR = 1.69). Results suggest that childhood adversity is the dominant factor in the prediction of an ENM diagnosis. The current study extends the literature conducted on adult populations by demonstrating that early adverse experiences are associated with poor or poorer health outcomes in young adulthood.

KW - Endocrine disorders

KW - Metabolic disorders

KW - Nutritional disorders

KW - Psychosocial risk factors

KW - Registry data

U2 - 10.1007/s12144-017-9687-4

DO - 10.1007/s12144-017-9687-4

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85029498131

VL - 38

SP - 1297

EP - 1303

JO - Current Psychology

JF - Current Psychology

SN - 1046-1310

IS - 5

ER -