Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus

a Danish nationwide cohort study

Magnus Glindvad Ahlström, Bo Feldt-Rasmussen, Rebecca Legarth, Gitte Kronborg, Court Pedersen, Carsten Schade Larsen, Jan Gerstoft, Niels Obel

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Resumé

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a main risk factor for morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), but its potential association with renal impairment remains to be established.

METHODS: We did a nationwide population-based cohort study in Danish PLHIV to evaluate the association between smoking status and 1) overall renal function and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), 2) risk of any renal replacement therapy (aRRT), and 3) mortality following aRRT. We calculated estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault equation (CG-CrCl), and evaluated renal function graphically. We calculated cumulative incidence of CKD (defined as two consecutive CG-CrCls of ≤60 mL/min, ≥3 months apart) and aRRT and used Cox regression models to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for risk of CKD, aRRT, and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) following aRRT.

RESULTS: From the Danish HIV Cohort Study, we identified 1,475 never smokers, 768 previous smokers, and 2,272 current smokers. During study period, we observed no association of smoking status with overall renal function. Previous and current smoking was not associated with increased risk of CKD (adjusted IRR: 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7-1.7; adjusted IRR: 1.3, 95% CI: 0.9-1.8) or aRRT (adjusted IRR: 0.8, 95% CI: 0.4-1.7; adjusted IRR: 0.9, 95% CI: 0.5-1.7). Mortality following aRRT was high in PLHIV and increased in smokers vs never smokers (adjusted MRR: 3.8, 95% CI: 1.3-11.2).

CONCLUSION: In Danish PLHIV, we observed no strong association between smoking status and renal function, risk of CKD, or risk of aRRT, but mortality was increased in smokers following aRRT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Epidemiology
Vol/bind7
Sider (fra-til)391-9
Antal sider9
ISSN1179-1349
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Fingeraftryk

Cohort Studies
Smoking
HIV
Kidney
Confidence Intervals
Incidence
Proportional Hazards Models
Creatinine
Odds Ratio
Population

Citer dette

Ahlström, Magnus Glindvad ; Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo ; Legarth, Rebecca ; Kronborg, Gitte ; Pedersen, Court ; Larsen, Carsten Schade ; Gerstoft, Jan ; Obel, Niels. / Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus : a Danish nationwide cohort study. I: Clinical Epidemiology. 2015 ; Bind 7. s. 391-9.
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title = "Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus: a Danish nationwide cohort study",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a main risk factor for morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), but its potential association with renal impairment remains to be established.METHODS: We did a nationwide population-based cohort study in Danish PLHIV to evaluate the association between smoking status and 1) overall renal function and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), 2) risk of any renal replacement therapy (aRRT), and 3) mortality following aRRT. We calculated estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault equation (CG-CrCl), and evaluated renal function graphically. We calculated cumulative incidence of CKD (defined as two consecutive CG-CrCls of ≤60 mL/min, ≥3 months apart) and aRRT and used Cox regression models to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for risk of CKD, aRRT, and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) following aRRT.RESULTS: From the Danish HIV Cohort Study, we identified 1,475 never smokers, 768 previous smokers, and 2,272 current smokers. During study period, we observed no association of smoking status with overall renal function. Previous and current smoking was not associated with increased risk of CKD (adjusted IRR: 1.1, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.7-1.7; adjusted IRR: 1.3, 95{\%} CI: 0.9-1.8) or aRRT (adjusted IRR: 0.8, 95{\%} CI: 0.4-1.7; adjusted IRR: 0.9, 95{\%} CI: 0.5-1.7). Mortality following aRRT was high in PLHIV and increased in smokers vs never smokers (adjusted MRR: 3.8, 95{\%} CI: 1.3-11.2).CONCLUSION: In Danish PLHIV, we observed no strong association between smoking status and renal function, risk of CKD, or risk of aRRT, but mortality was increased in smokers following aRRT.",
author = "Ahlstr{\"o}m, {Magnus Glindvad} and Bo Feldt-Rasmussen and Rebecca Legarth and Gitte Kronborg and Court Pedersen and Larsen, {Carsten Schade} and Jan Gerstoft and Niels Obel",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.2147/CLEP.S83530",
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pages = "391--9",
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Ahlström, MG, Feldt-Rasmussen, B, Legarth, R, Kronborg, G, Pedersen, C, Larsen, CS, Gerstoft, J & Obel, N 2015, 'Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus: a Danish nationwide cohort study', Clinical Epidemiology, bind 7, s. 391-9. https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S83530

Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus : a Danish nationwide cohort study. / Ahlström, Magnus Glindvad; Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo; Legarth, Rebecca; Kronborg, Gitte; Pedersen, Court; Larsen, Carsten Schade; Gerstoft, Jan; Obel, Niels.

I: Clinical Epidemiology, Bind 7, 2015, s. 391-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smoking and renal function in people living with human immunodeficiency virus

T2 - a Danish nationwide cohort study

AU - Ahlström, Magnus Glindvad

AU - Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo

AU - Legarth, Rebecca

AU - Kronborg, Gitte

AU - Pedersen, Court

AU - Larsen, Carsten Schade

AU - Gerstoft, Jan

AU - Obel, Niels

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a main risk factor for morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), but its potential association with renal impairment remains to be established.METHODS: We did a nationwide population-based cohort study in Danish PLHIV to evaluate the association between smoking status and 1) overall renal function and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), 2) risk of any renal replacement therapy (aRRT), and 3) mortality following aRRT. We calculated estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault equation (CG-CrCl), and evaluated renal function graphically. We calculated cumulative incidence of CKD (defined as two consecutive CG-CrCls of ≤60 mL/min, ≥3 months apart) and aRRT and used Cox regression models to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for risk of CKD, aRRT, and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) following aRRT.RESULTS: From the Danish HIV Cohort Study, we identified 1,475 never smokers, 768 previous smokers, and 2,272 current smokers. During study period, we observed no association of smoking status with overall renal function. Previous and current smoking was not associated with increased risk of CKD (adjusted IRR: 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7-1.7; adjusted IRR: 1.3, 95% CI: 0.9-1.8) or aRRT (adjusted IRR: 0.8, 95% CI: 0.4-1.7; adjusted IRR: 0.9, 95% CI: 0.5-1.7). Mortality following aRRT was high in PLHIV and increased in smokers vs never smokers (adjusted MRR: 3.8, 95% CI: 1.3-11.2).CONCLUSION: In Danish PLHIV, we observed no strong association between smoking status and renal function, risk of CKD, or risk of aRRT, but mortality was increased in smokers following aRRT.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a main risk factor for morbidity and mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV), but its potential association with renal impairment remains to be established.METHODS: We did a nationwide population-based cohort study in Danish PLHIV to evaluate the association between smoking status and 1) overall renal function and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD), 2) risk of any renal replacement therapy (aRRT), and 3) mortality following aRRT. We calculated estimated creatinine clearance using the Cockcroft-Gault equation (CG-CrCl), and evaluated renal function graphically. We calculated cumulative incidence of CKD (defined as two consecutive CG-CrCls of ≤60 mL/min, ≥3 months apart) and aRRT and used Cox regression models to calculate incidence rate ratios (IRRs) for risk of CKD, aRRT, and mortality rate ratios (MRRs) following aRRT.RESULTS: From the Danish HIV Cohort Study, we identified 1,475 never smokers, 768 previous smokers, and 2,272 current smokers. During study period, we observed no association of smoking status with overall renal function. Previous and current smoking was not associated with increased risk of CKD (adjusted IRR: 1.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7-1.7; adjusted IRR: 1.3, 95% CI: 0.9-1.8) or aRRT (adjusted IRR: 0.8, 95% CI: 0.4-1.7; adjusted IRR: 0.9, 95% CI: 0.5-1.7). Mortality following aRRT was high in PLHIV and increased in smokers vs never smokers (adjusted MRR: 3.8, 95% CI: 1.3-11.2).CONCLUSION: In Danish PLHIV, we observed no strong association between smoking status and renal function, risk of CKD, or risk of aRRT, but mortality was increased in smokers following aRRT.

U2 - 10.2147/CLEP.S83530

DO - 10.2147/CLEP.S83530

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 391

EP - 399

JO - Clinical Epidemiology

JF - Clinical Epidemiology

SN - 1179-1349

ER -