Milliners, and their sisters, mantuamakers, modistes and marchandes de mode, were skilled artisans, businesswomen and tradeswomen. During the eighteenth century, they commandeered the high-class sewing that set fashion and created stars of their most famous, like Rose Bertrand, milliner to Marie Antoinette. They populated the growing towns of Europe and used their design and business acumen to create a virtual profession out of a handicraft. They also encountered resistance from guilds and guildsmen who tried to retain their control over commercial sewing, and certainly the bespoke and honourable end of the needle trades. They also confronted slander from authors and commentators who saw them acting on the fringes of female respectability. This chapter will explore this group of commercial ‘professionals’ as they carved out a niche in the world of sewing and dressmaking before the advent of confection in the next century.
|Titel||Early Professional Women in Northern Europe, c. 1650-1850|
|Redaktører||Johanna Ilmakunnas, Marjatta Rahikainen, Kirsi Vainio-Korhonen|
|Udgivelses sted||New York|
|Status||Udgivet - 2017|
|Navn||Routledge Research in Early Modern History|