OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a single positive test for lupus anticoagulant (LA) is associated with levels of inflammatory markers and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, independent of autoimmune disease, thrombophilia and occurrence of other antiphospholipid antibodies.
METHODS: In a retrospective observational study we included persons referred for thrombophilia testing during 2011-2014. Persons with autoimmune disease, thrombophilia or presence of specific anti-phospholipid antibodies were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusted for age and sex was performed and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) calculated.
RESULTS: Of 381 individuals tested, 271 fulfilled the criteria, of whom 22 (8%) were LA positive and 249 (92%) LA negative. LA positivity was associated with higher body mass index (BMI) (OR 1.12, 95% CI: 1.03-1.23, p = 0.01); C-reactive protein (OR 1.08 95% CI:1.04-1.11, p < 0.001); fibrinogen (OR 1.51 95% CI: 1.27-1.78, p < 0.001); coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) (OR 1.73 95% CI: 1.01-2.96, p = 0.046), low high density lipoprotein (HDL) (OR 0.03 95% CI: 0.00-0.19, p < 0.001) and high triglyceride (OR 1.81 95% CI: 1.12-2.92, p = 0.02) compared with LA negative individuals.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that single test isolated LA positivity is associated with increased levels of inflammatory markers, low HDL cholesterol, elevated triglyceride and high BMI.
- lupus anticoagulant