Signals as Material: From Knitting Sensors to Sensory Knits

Townsend Riikka, Jussi Mikkonen

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review


The aesthetics and design are often given less attention when developing smart textile sensors and applications. On the other hand, in constructive design research, the designer is inherently getting closer to the technology. To fully utilise the expertise of a textile designer and to bridge this gap between engineering and design, an understanding of both the smart material and its implications is needed. Thus, there is a need to augment the methods available for a textile designer to develop smart textiles. To this end, we created a set of knitted sensory samples, providing a basic set of structures for the evaluation of the signals towards a visual method for evaluating their qualities. From an engineer point of view, the samples focus on conductivity, capacitive coupling and impedance changes, and from a designer point of view, vary in the type of electroconductive material, knit patterns and the visual differences. The samples were evaluated using Lissajous-figures, which provide an unambiguous representation of the frequency-related behaviour, being relatively straightforward to utilise. The measured differences were often clear, with structure- and fibre-based differences being made visible through the use of variable frequency. Our approach focuses on the strengths of both designers and engineers, by providing a visual method satisfying both experiential and technological requirements, as well as giving a tool for communicating about the behaviour of the smart textiles.

TitelAlive. Active. Adaptive : International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials, EKSIG 2017
RedaktørerElvin Karana, Elisa Giaccardi, Nithikul Nimkulrat, Kristina Niedderer, Serena Camere
ForlagTU Delft Open
ISBN (Trykt)9788790775902
ISBN (Elektronisk)9788790775902
StatusUdgivet - 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa
BegivenhedEKSIG 2017 - Het Nieuwe Instituut, Rotterdam, Holland
Varighed: 19. jun. 201720. jun. 2017


KonferenceEKSIG 2017
LokationHet Nieuwe Instituut



Riikka, T., & Mikkonen, J. (2017). Signals as Material: From Knitting Sensors to Sensory Knits. I E. Karana, E. Giaccardi, N. Nimkulrat, K. Niedderer, & S. Camere (red.), Alive. Active. Adaptive: International Conference on Experiential Knowledge and Emerging Materials, EKSIG 2017 (s. 338-358). TU Delft Open.