Signaling pathways and steroid receptors modulating estrogen receptor α function in breast cancer

Rasmus Siersbæk, Sanjeev Kumar, Jason S. Carroll*

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Estrogen receptor α (ER) is the major driver of ∼75% of breast cancers, and multiple ER targeting drugs are routinely used clinically to treat patients with ER+ breast cancer. However, many patients relapse on these targeted therapies and ultimately develop metastatic and incurable disease, and understanding the mechanisms leading to drug resistance is consequently of utmost importance. It is now clear that, in addition to estrogens, ER function is modulated by other steroid receptors and multiple signaling pathways (e.g., growth factor and cytokine signaling), and many of these pathways affect drug resistance and patient outcome. Here, we review the mechanisms through which these pathways impact ER function and drug resistance as well as discuss the clinical implications.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGenes & Development
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer17-18
Sider (fra-til)1141-1154
ISSN0890-9369
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. sep. 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa

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