Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale

Mehrangiz Rajaii, Aboulfazl Pourhassan, Najibeh Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, Leili Aghebati, Juliana Ling Xie, Mohammad Goldust, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Toxoplasma gondii causes the most common parasitic infection in the world. Congenital transmission, prenatal mortality and abortion are major problems of T. gondii. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis is high in Iran, especially in Azerbaijan. The current literature reviewed in this paper reveal results pertaining to various regions of Iran. The present cross-sectional e-study was designed to evaluate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in childbearing women in Northwest Iran. We evaluated 1659 women in childbearing age from several cities in Northwestern Iran (Tabriz, Maragheh, Ahar, Marand, Sarab, Miane) from July 2009 to August 2010. Women aged between 20 and 40 years and seeking prenatal care were enrolled in the study. The subjects' sera were probed with indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). A total of 1659 subjects were examined. Titres ranged from 1:100 to 1:800. In all, 899 subjects (54.13%) were seropositive. The highest frequency of seropositivity was shown in 1:200 dilution (36.08%) and in subjects from Maragheh (84% of 211 subjects). There was a direct linear relationship between seropositivity and age (p<0.001). Also, seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis was higher in subjects with primary school/lower educational level (p<0.001) and subjects living in rural regions (p<0.001). Overall, more than 50% of women in childbearing age were seropositive for toxoplasmosis in northwestern Iran. Increasing seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis with age was a predictable result due to longer exposure to the parasite. The relationship between increasing seroprevalence and lower educational level as well as living in rural areas is in line with the latest epidemiological findings, which also show such relationships due to lower socioeconomic status.

OriginalsprogItaliensk
TidsskriftLe Infezioni in Medicina
Vol/bind21
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)194-200
Antal sider7
ISSN1124-9390
StatusUdgivet - 1. sep. 2013

Fingeraftryk

Iran
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Parasitic Diseases
Prenatal Care
Parasites
Cross-Sectional Studies
Serum

Emneord

  • Child bearing
  • Female
  • Seroprevalance
  • Toxoplasmosis

Citer dette

Rajaii, M., Pourhassan, A., Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, N., Aghebati, L., Xie, J. L., Goldust, M., & Naghavi-Behzad, M. (2013). Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale. Le Infezioni in Medicina, 21(3), 194-200.
Rajaii, Mehrangiz ; Pourhassan, Aboulfazl ; Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, Najibeh ; Aghebati, Leili ; Xie, Juliana Ling ; Goldust, Mohammad ; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad. / Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale. I: Le Infezioni in Medicina. 2013 ; Bind 21, Nr. 3. s. 194-200.
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title = "Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in et{\`a} fertile in Iran nord-occidentale",
abstract = "Toxoplasma gondii causes the most common parasitic infection in the world. Congenital transmission, prenatal mortality and abortion are major problems of T. gondii. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis is high in Iran, especially in Azerbaijan. The current literature reviewed in this paper reveal results pertaining to various regions of Iran. The present cross-sectional e-study was designed to evaluate the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in childbearing women in Northwest Iran. We evaluated 1659 women in childbearing age from several cities in Northwestern Iran (Tabriz, Maragheh, Ahar, Marand, Sarab, Miane) from July 2009 to August 2010. Women aged between 20 and 40 years and seeking prenatal care were enrolled in the study. The subjects' sera were probed with indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). A total of 1659 subjects were examined. Titres ranged from 1:100 to 1:800. In all, 899 subjects (54.13{\%}) were seropositive. The highest frequency of seropositivity was shown in 1:200 dilution (36.08{\%}) and in subjects from Maragheh (84{\%} of 211 subjects). There was a direct linear relationship between seropositivity and age (p<0.001). Also, seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis was higher in subjects with primary school/lower educational level (p<0.001) and subjects living in rural regions (p<0.001). Overall, more than 50{\%} of women in childbearing age were seropositive for toxoplasmosis in northwestern Iran. Increasing seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis with age was a predictable result due to longer exposure to the parasite. The relationship between increasing seroprevalence and lower educational level as well as living in rural areas is in line with the latest epidemiological findings, which also show such relationships due to lower socioeconomic status.",
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Rajaii, M, Pourhassan, A, Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, N, Aghebati, L, Xie, JL, Goldust, M & Naghavi-Behzad, M 2013, 'Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale', Le Infezioni in Medicina, bind 21, nr. 3, s. 194-200.

Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale. / Rajaii, Mehrangiz; Pourhassan, Aboulfazl; Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, Najibeh; Aghebati, Leili; Xie, Juliana Ling; Goldust, Mohammad; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad.

I: Le Infezioni in Medicina, Bind 21, Nr. 3, 01.09.2013, s. 194-200.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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AU - Pourhassan, Aboulfazl

AU - Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari, Najibeh

AU - Aghebati, Leili

AU - Xie, Juliana Ling

AU - Goldust, Mohammad

AU - Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad

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Rajaii M, Pourhassan A, Asle-Rahnamaie-Akbari N, Aghebati L, Xie JL, Goldust M et al. Sieroepidemiologia della toxoplasmosi in donne in età fertile in Iran nord-occidentale. Le Infezioni in Medicina. 2013 sep 1;21(3):194-200.