Short-Term Risk Assessment in the Long Term: A scoping review and meta-analysis of the Brøset Violence Checklist

Jacob Hvidhjelm, Lene Lauge Berring, Richard Whittington, Phil Woods, Jesper Bak, Roger Almvik

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


Introduction: Existing literature on the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC) is examined in the context of usability, implementation and validity to provide evidence-based recommendations on its application and identify opportunities for future development. Aim/Question: To identify current knowledge on the BVC and guide clinicians and researchers toward the next steps in using this tool in clinical practice to prevent violence in healthcare settings. Method: A scoping review approach with a meta-analysis supplement was adopted to broadly identify and map available evidence on the BVC and provide specific estimates of predictive validity in different contexts. Results: Sixty-two studies conducted in 23 countries addressed the implementation of the BVC across various settings. Many studies adapted the original BVC, and the clinical utility was noted as an important feature. A meta-analysis of the original BVC format estimated a pooled area under the curve at 0.83 (95% CI 0.78–0.87) in a subset of 15 studies. Discussion: The BVC combines high predictive validity and good clinical utility across a wide range of settings and cultures. It should continue to be incorporated into routine practice in mental health services focused on preventing violence and coercion. Implications for practice: Development of collaborative approaches with service users involved in assessing their own risk of future violence.

TidsskriftJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 31. jan. 2023


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