Self-Perceived Interpersonal Problems Among Long-Term Unemployed Individuals, and Vocational Rehabilitation Programs (In)ability to Change Them

Martin Mau*, Kirsten K. Roessler, Lotte N. Andersen, Maria L. Vang

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Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Objective: Self-perceived interpersonal problems can challenge one’s access to the work market, making it harder to attain and keep a job while adding to the distress of being outside of the labor market. Methods: In this study, we compared the self-perceived interpersonal problems among long-term unemployed individuals taking part in vocational rehabilitation programs (VRPs) (N = 220) with those of the general population. In addition, we examined whether their self-perceived interpersonal problems changed while taking part in the VRPs. Results: We found that participants report significantly higher levels of self-perceived interpersonal problems as measured by the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP), especially with regard to feeling cold/distanced, socially inhibited, vindictive/self-centered, and non-assertive. The participants did not report a significant decrease in self-perceived interpersonal problems after being part of VRPs for one year. Conclusion: These results are relevant as they may inform interventions targeted this population aimed at increasing employability and/or individual well-being. Importantly, the findings may be viewed as a reflection of both social and individual processes. Long-term unemployed individuals’ tendency to feel insufficiently engaged may reflect difficulty with keeping up with a job market in constant change.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
ISSN1053-0487
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

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